Bythis number had jumped to over 60 percent. The zarzuela was an inherently urban form of theatre. Originating in Madrid, the topics of the zarzuelas were Spanish. Spanish zarzuela companies dominated urban culture in Buenos Aires in the s. They quickly began to adapt Madrid-centered themes to Argentine ones. It was even adapted and performed in the United States. The zarzuela resulted in collaborations between Argentine playwrights and Spanish actors who set the template for Argentine national theatre.
It also fostered a network of intellectuals and performers who unified their work with political activism during moments of democratic openings. During independence days, theatres were decked out in the national colors of whichever nation was being celebrated.
Streamers were hung, national anthems were sung. As such, theatres were arenas where patriotic gestures and national traditions were embraced and displayed. In addition, theatres were largely masculine spaces and young elite men went there to enact their own sense of manhood by protecting and over-interpreting slights to Argentine national identity.
The fact that Spanish performers were required to sing the Argentine national anthem, which included lyrics derogatory against Spain also assured that theatres would be loaded affairs on these days. El Comprarito. The preponderance of Spanish performers on Argentine stages resulted in the curious case of the first actor to dance the tango on the stages of Buenos Aires: a Spaniard that performed in blackface. Benito is famously remembered for being the character credited with introducing the tango to the stages of Buenos Aires.
The song, the dancer explains, is an ode to a slain gangster, but the choreography takes inspiration from how gangsters move in shadow. Like the tough guys, always covering their eyes not to show their intention. They're always in the dark. Of course, Torres and Blanco are not portraying gangsters, but an estranged yet still very passionate couple. In the end, though, perhaps the gangster's shady movements really aren't so different from the couple's doubts and secrets. After all, as Torres says, tango is just a piece of life.
If tango mirrors real life, then one reality the show does not reflect is how tango is danced socially -- in or outside Buenos Aires. Whereas social tango is marked by restraint and introspection, the stage version is meant to dazzle and entertain.
Still, Fabbri emphasizes the show's authenticity: this is real Argentine tango, performed by real tango dancers and musicians. The dancers hail from Argentina, Colombia, Germany and Russia, and each brings a unique flavor.
Torres and Blanco are all smoke and elegance, channeling tango's dark, brooding soul. Andres Bravo and Mariana Parma, sensual and voluptuous, are the very embodiment of gravity, while Orlando Reyes and Adriana Salgado seem to defy it with sparkling brilliance and speed.
Also individually notable are Leah Barsky, who enchants with balletic grace, and the magnetic Michael Nadtochi, whose lanky build and effortless technique bring Fred Astaire to mind. The chance to see these world-class dancers up close is reason enough A Buenso Aires - Los TNT - Los Fabulosos T.N.T.
(Vinyl go to the show. Then again, the same could be said of the orchestra: not only does it admirably keep up with the dancers, but its standalone numbers -- particularly Piazzola's mournful "Adios Nonino" -- consistently bring down the house.
The show at Tango House doesn't come with a program -- at least not yet -- but as my hour with Fabbri, Torres and Pulpo drew to a close, it was clear that it could come with a textbook. Knowing that was unlikely to happen, though, I instead asked the three men to summarize tango in a single word. For reservations and more information, call US Edition U. Coronavirus News U. Politics Joe Biden Congress Extremism. Special Projects Highline. La piscina es muy acogedor, refrescante y bueno para nadar.
The pool is very inviting, refreshing and good for swimming. OK then. I'm good. Is tomato good for your health? Dios es bueno. God is good. Have you tried it yet? Here's what's included:. Word of the Day. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. The popularity of local cinema in the Spanish-speaking world played a key role in the massification of tango music.
Carlos Gardelan iconic figure of tango and Buenos Aires, became an international star by starring in several films during that era. In response to large studio productions, the "Generation of the 60s" appeared, a group of filmmakers that produced the first modernist films in Argentina during the early years of that decade. One of the most notable films of this movement is La hora de los hornos by Fernando Solanas.
During the period of democracy between andthe local cinema experienced critical and commercial success, with titles including Juan MoreiraLa Patagonia rebeldeLa Raulitoand La tregua — which became the first Argentine film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
However, because of censorship and a new military government, Argentine cinema stalled until the return of democracy in the s. This generation — known as "Argentine Cinema in Liberty and Democracy" — were mostly young or postponed filmmakers, and gained international notoriety.
Buenos Aires' inhabitants have been historically characterized as "fashion-conscious". According to Global Language Monitoras of [update] the city is the 20th leading fashion capital in the world, ranking second in Latin America after Rio de Janeiro. The fashionable neighborhood of Palermo, particularly the area known as Sohois where the latest fashion and design trends are presented. Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid.
Inthe Basilica del Santisimo Sacramento was opened to the public; its construction was funded by the generous donation of Argentine philanthropist Mercedes Castellanos de Anchorenaa member of Argentina's most prominent family. The church is an excellent example of French neo-classicism.
The altar is full of marble, and was the biggest ever built in South America at that time. Inthe construction of Palacio Barolo began. This was South America's tallest building at the time and was the first Argentine skyscraper built with concrete — A ,candela beacon was installed at the top mmaking the building visible even from Uruguay. Inthe Barolo Palace went under an exhaustive restoration, and the beacon was made operational again. Inthe meter ft -tall Kavanagh building was inaugurated.
The Kavanagh building, with its 12 elevators provided by Otis and the world's first central air conditioning system provided by the North American company "Carrier"is still an architectural landmark in Buenos Aires. The construction of skyscrapers proliferated in Buenos Aires until the s. Primary education comprises grades 1—7.
Most primary schools in the city still adhere to the traditional seven-year primary school, but kids can do grades 1—6 if their high school lasts 6 years, such as ORT Argentina.
Secondary education in Argentina is called Polimodal having multiple modes since it allows the student to choose their orientation. Polimodal is usually 3 years of schooling, although some schools have a fourth year. Before entering the first year of polimodal, students choose an orientation from the following five specializations: Humanities and Social SciencesEconomics and Management of OrganizationsArt and DesignHealth and Sport and Biology and Natural Sciences.
Nevertheless, in Buenos Aires, secondary education consists of 5 years ranging from 1st year to 5th year as opposed to primary education's 1st to 7th grade. Most schools do not require students to choose their orientation, as they study the basics such as art, biology, math, history, and technology, but there are schools that do, regardless of if they are oriented to a certain profession or they have orientations to choose from when they reach a specific year.
Some high schools depend on the University of Buenos Airesand these require an admission course when students are taking the last year of high school. The last two do have a specific orientation. In December the Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Congress passed a new National Education Law restoring the old system of primary followed by secondary education, making secondary education obligatory and a right, and increasing the length of compulsory education to 13 years.
The government vowed to put the law in effect gradually, starting in There are many public universities in Argentina, as well as a number of private universities. The University of Buenos Airesone of the top learning institutions in South America, has produced five Nobel Prize winners and provides taxpayer-funded education for students from all around the globe. Visitors have many options for travel such as going to a tango show, an estancia in the Province of Buenos Airesor enjoying the traditional asado.
Nowadays, the exchange rate has hampered tourism and shopping in particular. In fact, notable consumer brands such as Burberry and Louis Vuitton have abandoned the country due to the exchange rate and import restrictions. The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic core of the city, specifically, in the Montserrat and San Telmo neighborhoods. Buenos Aires was conceived around the Plaza de Mayothe colony's administrative center.
To the east of the square is the Casa Rosadathe official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. Other important colonial institutions were Cabildoto the west, which was renovated during the construction of Avenida de Mayo and Julio A.
Lastly, to the northwest, is City Hall. Buenos Aires has over parks and green spaces, the largest concentration of which are on the city's eastern side in the neighborhoods of Puerto Madero, Recoleta, Palermo, and Belgrano.
Some of the most important are:. Buenos Aires Botanical Garden. Buenos Aires has over theatersmore than any other city in the world. Buenos Aires has become a recipient of LGBT tourism  due to the existence of some gay-friendly sites and the legalization of same-sex marriage on 15 Julymaking it the first country in Latin Americathe second in the Americasand the tenth in the world to do so.
Its Gender Identity Lawpassed in LP), made Argentina the "only country that allows people to change their gender identities without facing barriers such as hormone therapysurgery or psychiatric diagnosis that labels them as having an abnormality". Inthe World Health Organization cited Argentina as an exemplary country for providing transgender rights. Despite these legal advances, however, homophobia continues to be a hotly contested social issue in the city and the country.
Buenos Aires has various types of accommodation ranging from luxurious five star hotels in the city center to budget hotels located in suburban neighborhoods.
Nonetheless, the city's transportation system allows easy and inexpensive access to the city. In all, nearly 27, rooms were A Buenso Aires - Los TNT - Los Fabulosos T.N.T. (Vinyl for tourism in Buenos Aires, of which about 12, belonged to four-star, five-star, or boutique hotels. Establishments of a higher category typically enjoy the city's highest occupation rates.
Palacio de Aguas Corrientes. This airport handles most international air traffic to and from Argentina as well as some domestic flights. The Aeroparque Jorge Newbery airport, located in the Palermo district of the city next to the riverbank, is only within the city limits and serves primarily domestic traffic within Argentina and some regional flights to neighboring South American countries.
Other minor airports near the city are El Palomar Airportwhich is located 18 km west of the city and handles some scheduled domestic flights to a number of destinations in Argentina, and the smaller San Fernando Airport which serves only general aviation. Buenos Aires is based on a square, rectangular grid pattern, save for natural barriers or the relatively rare developments explicitly designed otherwise most notably, the Parque Chas neighborhood.
The rectangular grid provides for meter ft -long square blocks named manzanas. Pedestrian zones in the central business district such as Florida Street are partially car-free and always bustling, access provided by bus and the Underground subte Line C. Buenos Aires, for the most part, is a very walkable city and the majority of residents in Buenos Aires use public transport.
Two diagonal avenues alleviate traffic and provide better access to Plaza de Mayo and the city center in general; most avenues running into and out of it are one-way and feature six or more lanes, with computer-controlled green waves to speed up traffic outside of peak times. The city's principal avenues include the meter ft -wide July 9 Avenuethe over kilometer 22 mi -long Rivadavia Avenue and Corrientes Avenuethe main thoroughfare of culture and entertainment.
In the s and s, the construction of the General Paz Avenue beltway that surrounds the city along its border with Buenos Aires Provinceand the freeways leading to the new international airport and to the northern suburbs, heralded a new era for Buenos Aires traffic. Toll motorways opened in the late s by mayor Osvaldo Cacciatorenow used by over a million vehicles daily, provide convenient access to the city center. Most major avenues are, however, gridlocked at peak hours. Following the economic mini-boom of the srecord numbers started commuting by car and congestion increased, as did the time-honored Argentine custom of taking weekends off in the countryside.
The Buenos Aires commuter network system is very extensive: every day more than 1. These suburban trains operate between 4 am and 1 am. The city center is home to four principal terminals for both long-distance and local passenger services: ConstitucionRetiroFederico Lacroze and Once. In addition, Buenos Aires station serves as a minor terminus. Sincethere has been a series of large investments on the network, with all lines with the exception of the Urquiza Line receiving new rolling stockalong with widespread infrastructure improvements, track replacement, electrification work, refurbishments of stations and building entirely new stations.
There are also three other major projects on the table. The third and most ambitious is to build a series of tunnels between three of the city's railway terminals with a large underground central station underneath the Obeliskconnecting all the commuter railway lines in a network dubbed the Red de Expresos Regionales. In Decemberthe city government launched a bicycle sharing program with bicycles free for hire by users upon registration. Located in mostly central areas, there are 31 rental stations throughout the city providing over bicycles to be picked up and dropped off at any station within an hour.
Opened init is the oldest underground system in the Southern Hemisphere and oldest in the Spanish-speaking world. The system has six underground lines and one overground line, named by letters A to E, and H and there are stationsand Route length is expected to reach 89 km 55 mi by Daily ridership on weekdays is 1. Current works include the completion LP) Line H northwards and addition of three new stations to Line E in the city center. Buenos Aires had an extensive street railway tram system with over km mi of track, which was dismantled during the s after the advent of bus transportation, but surface rail transport has made a small comeback in some parts of the city.
The PreMetro or Line E2 is a 7. The official inauguration took place on 27 August However, plans to extend the line and acquire a fleet of trams did not come to fruition, and declining patronage led to the line's closure in October There are over city bus lines called Colectivoseach one managed by an individual company. These compete with each other and attract exceptionally high use with virtually no public financial support.
Colectivos in Buenos Aires do not have a fixed timetable, but run from four to several per hour, depending on the bus line and time of the day. With inexpensive tickets and extensive routes, usually no further than four blocks from commuters' residences, the colectivo is the most popular mode of transport around the city. Buenos Aires has recently opened a bus rapid transit system, the Metrobus.
The system uses modular median stations that serve both directions of travel, which enable pre-paid, multiple-door, level boarding.
The first line, opened on 31 Mayruns across the Juan B. Justo Ave has 21 stations. A fleet of 40, black-and-yellow taxis ply the streets at all hours. License controls are not enforced rigorously. Low-fare limo services, known as remiseshave become popular in recent years. Buenos Aires is also served by a ferry system operated by the company Buquebus that connects the port of Buenos Aires with the main cities of Uruguay, Colonia del SacramentoMontevideo and Punta del Este.
More than 2. According to data released by Moovit in Julythe average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Buenos Aires, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 79 min.
The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 14 min, while 20 percent of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day.
The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 8. The Guardia Urbana de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Urban Guard was a specialized civilian force of A Buenso Aires - Los TNT - Los Fabulosos T.N.T. (Vinyl city of Buenos Aires, Argentinathat used to deal with different urban conflicts with the objective of developing actions of prevention, dissuasion and mediation, promoting effective behaviors that guarantee the security and the integrity of public order and social coexistence.
The unit continuously assisted the personnel of the Argentine Federal Policeespecially in emergency situations, events of massive concurrence, and protection of tourist establishments. Urban Guard officials did not carry any weapons in the performing of their duties. Their basic tools were a HT radio transmitter and a whistle. As of March [update]the Guardia Urbana was removed. The force was created in and was composed of 1, officers. Security in the city is now the responsibility of the Buenos Aires City Police.
The police is headed by the Chief of Police who is appointed by the head of the executive branch of the city of Buenos Aires. Geographically, the force is divided into 56 stations throughout the city.
All police station employees are civilians. Argentina has been the home of world champions in professional boxing. Carlos Monzon was a hall of fame World Middleweight champion, and the current undisputed linear Middleweight champion Sergio Martinez hails from Argentina. Polo was brought to the country in the second half of the 19th century by English immigrants. The first rugby union match in Argentina was played in in the Buenos Aires Cricket Club Groundlocated in the neighborhood of Palermowhere the Galileo Galilei planetarium is located today.
Rugby enjoys widespread popularity in Buenos Aires, most especially in the north of the city, which boasts more than eighty rugby clubs. The city is home to the Argentine Super Rugby franchise, the Jaguares. The Argentina national rugby union team competes in Buenos Aires in international matches such as the Rugby Championship. Football is a popular pastime among many of the city's citizens, as Buenos Aires, featuring no fewer than 24 professional teams, has the highest concentration of teams of any city in the world.
Watching a match between these two teams was deemed one of the "50 sporting things you must do before you die" by The Observer. Buenos Aires native Guillermo Vilas who was raised in Mar del Plata and Gabriela Sabatini were great tennis players of the s and s  and popularized tennis Nationwide in Argentina.
Other popular sports in Buenos Aires are golfbasketballrugby and field hockey. Buenos Aires has been a candidate city for the Summer Olympic Games on three occasions: for the Gameswhich were lost by a single vote to Melbourne; for the Summer Olympicsheld in Mexico City ; and inwhen the games were awarded to Athens.
Buenos Aires bid to host the Summer Youth Olympics. The track features various local categories on most weekends. The,Dakar Rally started and ended in the city. Norma Aleandroactress, screenwriter, and theater director . Martha Argerichclassical concert pianist. Daniel Barenboimpianist and conductor . Carlos Gardelsinger-songwriter, raised in Buenos Aires. Lalo Schifrinmusician and composer . Luis Scolabasketball player.
People awarded the honorary citizenship of Buenos Aires are:. Kearney and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. See " Global city " for the top 30 in the list. Buenos Aires is twinned with the following cities:  .
Buenos Aires is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities  from 12 October establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital city of Argentina. For the broader conurbation, see Greater Buenos Aires. For the province, see Buenos Aires Province. For other uses, see Buenos Aires disambiguation. Capital and largest city of Argentina. Capital A Buenso Aires - Los TNT - Los Fabulosos T.N.T.
(Vinyl and autonomous city in Argentina. Capital city and autonomous city. Coat of arms. Main article: Names of Buenos Aires. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Timeline of Buenos Aires. See also: Argentine War of Independence. Main article: Climate of Buenos Aires. See also: Climate of Argentina and Climatic regions of Argentina. See also: Demographics of Argentina. Balva- nera. Boe- do. Villa Lugano. Villa Riachuelo. Villa Soldati. La Boca. See also: Immigration in Argentina. Main article: Port of Buenos Aires. See also: Economy of Argentina. Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentinathe national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
See also: Culture of Argentina. See also: Argentines. See also: Argentine painting and Museums in Buenos Aires. Faena Arts Center. See also: Argentine literature. See also: Belgranodeutsch and cocoliche. See also: Music of ArgentinaArgentine tangoand Argentine rock. Main article: Cinema of Argentina. Main article: Media of Argentina. See also: Architecture of Argentina. See also: Education in Argentina.
See also: University Revolution and List of Argentine universities. Main article: Tourism in Buenos Aires. Congressional Plaza. Plaza de Mayo.
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