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Steve Stricker. Nominate an article. October 3 A hunger strike memorial in Derry's Bogside. Gabriel Lalemant b. Sullivan b. More anniversaries: October 2 October 3 October 4. Archive By email List of days of the year. Today's featured picture The black skimmer Rynchops niger is a tern-like bird in the gull family Laridaebreeding in North and South America.
Archive More featured pictures. Linking words First, First of all, To begin with, After that, At the end. Yes, I am. Check yourself. Happy holidays! Greeting each other on holidays is common to all people in all countries. The typical situation for it is not a holiday but a personal celebration, a personal achievement: a good mark for an examination, a new house, a new job, a wedding.
Give the correct greetings. Congratulations with your birthday! Write holiday greetings and tell your pen-friends about our Russian holidays in English. Then answer the question: What time does Dimitry go to school?
What time do you start school in England? What time do they finish school? What time do they have lunch? They have lunch at school. This is the information we got on the Internet. This is from Dimitri in Greece. He starts school at half past eight. What time does he have lunch? What time does he finish school? He finishes school at half past one. Oh, and he goes to school on Saturday. CB Listen and repeat. I go to school on Saturday morning. We have lunch at school at half past twelve and we start lessons again at a quarter past one.
We finish school at half past three. Trevor 2 I Complete the table in your Workbook Exercise 1 with the information from the text. Then talk to your friend about school routines in Australia, Greece, Russia and England. Dasha have dinner in Russia? Trevor start school in England? I go to school at half past seven. Listening and writing 5 Do you get wired before a test? Do any of your tests seem to you a quagmire? What time do you start school? What time do they start school in Australia?
P Listen and repeat. Complete the table about Russia. School in the USA Start school: 8. B: They start school at ten past eight. A: What time do you start school? B: I start school at half past eight. Do you agree with it? Do you follow these rules? Early to bed, early to rise Makes people healthy, wealthy and wise Match the pictures and the sentences. They get up after 7 a. She finishes school at 3. Grammar fio] Read the table and answer the questions.
Example: A: What does your mother do at 7. B: She teaches students. My mother is a teacher. A: What does Anya do at 1. B: She sleeps in her bed. Daily routines Reading and speaking 12 Have you read J. Have you seen the films about Harry Potter? What do you know about Hogwarts — the school Harry Potter went to? Read the text Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) answer the questions: Do you agree that Hogwarts is not an ordinary schooi?
What makes Hogwarts different from ordinary schoois? What makes it similar to ordinary schools? Life in Hogwarts Hogwarts is not an ordinary school. It is a school of MagicI But as in many other schools in many countries, the school year there begins on September 1. It is a real railway station in London and hundreds of trains leave from its platforms every day. There are no platforms with such numbers in any railway station.
Every Hogwarts student belongs to one of four Houses. You will have classes with the rest of your House, sleep in your House dormitory, and spend free time in your House common room. There are no exams. There are no tests. The hat does all the work! The hat thinks and talks and sorts out. All a student has to do is sit on a stool and put on a hat.
The academic year starts with a celebration. Students and teachers sit at a long table and enjoy lots of nice food and drinks. Classes begin on September 2 and go on until June. There are two terms in the academic year with two week holiday breaks in between. Like many schools in real life! Exams are held the first week of June. Results come out the second week of June. There are celebrations at Halloween, Christmas, Easter and at the end of the academic year.
At Christmas and Easter holidays most of the students and some of the teachers go home for a break. All teachers and students leave Hogwarts during the summer. Vocabulary knowledge personality ability to scan to cheat dormitory 18 13 Read the paragraphs and put events of the daily routine in the correct order.
In the afternoon students have one or two classes. During breakfast the morning mail arrives. Hundreds of owls bring it. A bell signals the start of the first class at 9 a. C Supper is served in the Great Hall early in the evening, after which the students go to the common rooms in their Houses for studying. D There are two morning classes with a break between them signalled by a bellfollowed by lunch and a break.
Is it similar to the daily routine at your school? What subjects are important for future magicians and why? Classes at Hogwarts The students at Hogwarts study many subjects which you study, too. But what makes this Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) special is magic classes.
The first year starts with flying classes. Each student has a magic broom. But they have to learn how to do it properly. Magic happens only if a student works hard and believes in his success. Astronomy and history of magic develop their minds — they learn a lot about the Universe and their place in it. Knowledge of history gives them a key to their success today and tomorrow.
I usually go home at quarter to four. We have lunch at quarter past one. They often finish school at half past four. He goes out on Friday at 7 p. My mum usually wakes me up. I always have breakfast usually at half past eight. I go to school at quarter to nine. I have lunch at school at half past twelve.
Lessons start again at 1. We finish school at 3. I usually come home at quarter to four. My brain works best after dinner.
We usually have dinner at 6 p. I often watch TV after school. My favourite sport programme starts at twenty past four. Example: Trevor usually gets up after 8 a. His mum wakes him up. Use only short answers when replying to general questions. B: Yes, he does. B: He usually gets up at 8 in the morning. I love reading. Example: Trevor loves sleeping, I love sleeping, too. Which word is pronounced in two different ways?
CED Listen and repeat. Listen and sing the rap. Hello, Trevor. Hello, Robert. Are you from London? Where are you from? Not from London. I always walk to school. I often get up early. I usually eat eggs for breakfast.
I always come on time for classes. Grammar and writing 27 Look at the underlined words and complete the triangle with adverbs sometimes, often, always. Speak about yourself. Example: What do you never do? What do you often do? English children never go to school on Saturday. Russian children sometimes have lunch at school. English children often watch television in the evening.
English children usually have lunch at school. English children always finish school at half past three. What does she do to stay fit? Vocabulary once twice once a week twice a week three times a week four times a week every day go to the cinema Project idea 30 In pairs, make your survey about staying fit for The RAP.
What do your classmates do to stay fit? Ask your friends using the pictures. Make a table to show their answers. Staying fit How many times a week do you? What is the most surprising fact for you? What will the 21st century bring? Speak about life in the USA years ago, using the words never, sometimes, often, always. Then answer the question: How many brothers and sisters has Nevita got? And he is your grandfather? Is this their house in Bombay? Yes, it is. Are you in this photo?
Are they your parents? This is my mother and father in this photo. Are you in the photo? And this is our house. And this girl here — is she your sister? Are they your brothers? Yes, they are. Are you all still at school? Yes, we are. CrJ Listen and repeat. My name is Maxim. In Russian it is common to address adults by their first name and patronymic. My grandpa turned 65 yesterday and we had a big family celebration. He was so happy! Backformation A very specialized type of reduction process is known as backformation.
Typically, a word of one type usually a noun is reduced to form a word of another type usually a verb. A good example of backformation is the process whereby the noun television first came into use and then the verb televise was created from it. Here are some other recent creations. The assumption seems to have been that if there is a noun ending in -er or something close in soundthen we can create a verb for what that noun-er does.
Hence, an editor will edit, a sculptor will sculpt and babysitters, beggars, burglars, peddlers and swindlers will babysit, beg, burgle, peddle and swindle.
Conversion A change in the function of a word, as for example when a noun comes to be used as a verb without any reductionis generally known as conversion. The conversion process is very productive in Modern English, with new uses occurring frequently. The conversion can involve verbs becoming nouns, with guess, must and spy as the sources of a guess, a must and a spy.
Phrasal verbs to print out, to take over also become nouns a printout, a takeover. Some other examples of conversion are listed here. Verbs see through, stand up can also become adjectives, as in see-through material or a stand-up comedian.
A number of adjectives, as in a dirty floor, an empty room, some crazy ideas and those nasty people, have become the verbs to dirty and to empty, or the nouns a crazy and the nasty. Some compound nouns have assumed other functions, exemplified by the ball park appearing in a ball-park figure as an adjective or asking someone to ball-park an estimate of the cost as a verb.
Other nouns of this type are carpool, mastermind, microwave and quarterback, which are also used as verbs now. It is worth noting that some words can shift substantially in meaning when they go through conversion. The verb to doctor often has a negative sense, not normally associated with the source noun a doctor. A similar kind of reanalysis of meaning is taking place with the noun total and the verb run around, which do not have negative meanings. Typical sources are trade names for commercial products that become general terms usually without capital letters for any version of that product.
Older examples are aspirin, nylon, vaseline and zipper; more recent examples are granola, kleenex, teflon and xerox. It may be that there is an obscure technical origin e.
The most salient contemporary example of coinage is the word google. When we talked about a hoover or even a spanglerwe were using an eponym. We use the eponyms teddy bear, derived from US president Theodore Teddy Roosevelt, and jeans from the Italian city of Genoa where the type of cloth was first made.
Another eponym dates from when John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich, insisted on having his salt beef between two slices of toasted bread while gambling. Many speakers do not think of their component meanings. Derivation In our list so far, we have not dealt with what is by far the most common word- formation process to be found in the production of new words.
Some familiar examples are the elements un- mis- pre- -ful, -less, -ish, -ism and -ness which appear in words like unhappy, misrepresent, prejudge, joyful, careless, boyish, terrorism and sadness. These are called prefixes. Other affixes are added to the end of the word e. All English words formed by this derivational process have either prefixes or suffixes, or both.
Thus, mislead has a prefix, disrespectful has both a prefix and a suffix, and foolishness has two suffixes. According to Dixon 11English has about derivational affixes, divided into 90 prefixes and suffixes.
We will investigate the range of English affixes in more detail in Chapter 6. Infixes There is a third type of affix, not normally used in English, but found in some other languages.
This is called an infix, which is an affix that is incorporated inside another word. It is possible to see the general principle at work in certain expressions, occasionally used in fortuitous or aggravating circumstances by emotionally aroused English speakers: Hallebloodylujah! However, a much better set of examples can be provided from Khmu or Kamhmua language spoken in northern Laos and Vietnam.
Multiple Processes Although we have concentrated on each of these word-formation processes in isolation, it is possible to trace the operation of more than one process at work in the creation of a particular word.
For example, the term deli seems to have become a common American English expression via a process of first borrowing delicatessen from German and then clipping that borrowed form.
If someone says that problems with the project have snowballed, the final word can be analyzed as an example of compounding in which snow and ball were combined to form the noun snowball, which was then turned into a verb through conversion. Forms that begin as acronyms can also go through other processes, as in the use of lase as a verb, the result of backformation from laser.
The formation of this new word, however, was helped by a quite different process, known simply as analogy, whereby new words are formed that are similar in some way to existing words. One joke has it that yippies just grew up to be yuppies. And the process continues. Many of these new words can, of course, have a very brief life-span. Further examples are included in Task E, on page It would seem that Noah had a keener sense than his critics of which new word forms in the language were going to last.
Study Questions 1 When is an eponym a neologism? How would you describe the other s? Can you identify the processes involved in each case? Were there any examples in this chapter? How many examples were included in this chapter? C Using a dictionary with etymological information, identify which of the following words are borrowings and from which languages they were borrowed.
Are any of them eponyms? Can you reverse the syllabification process to identify the following English words borrowed into Japanese?
One list has items you can get at a place known as makudonarudo, the other has items connected to supootsu. Using a dictionary if necessary, try to describe the word-formation processes involved in the creation of the underlined words in these sentences. F In this chapter we noted an example Partnerlook of the creation of a new German word using one or more English words, yet with a meaning not found in English.
In the following list, there are some more words in contemporary German that have been created from English words. How do you decide? Which part of the compound determines whether it is a noun or verb? Using the following translations from Downing and Fuller,can you work out the English equivalents of the Hmong expressions listed below? Using the examples below, and any others that you want to include in the discussion, try to decide if there are any typical patterns in the way we form compounds.
II The sign in Figure 5. However, when we derive new words with a suffix such as -able, there seems to be some type of constraint on what is permitted.
Figure 5. Kessler and W. Naish, C. Rensch and G. Unfortunately, there are a number of problems with using this observation as the basis of an attempt to describe language in general, and individual linguistic forms in particular.
For example, in Swahili or Kiswahili, spoken throughout East Africathe form nitakupenda conveys what, in English, would have to be represented as something like I will love you. Now, is the Swahili form a single word? We can recognize that English word forms such as talks, talker, talked and talking must consist of one element talk, and the other four elements -s, -er, -ed and -ing.
All these elements are described as morphemes. So, we can take words apart, as shown in Table 6. Table 6. There are free morphemes, that is, morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words, for example, new and tour. There are also bound morphemes, which are those forms that cannot normally stand alone and are typically attached to another form, exemplified as re- -ist, -ed, -s. These forms were described in Chapter 5 as affixes.
So, we can say that all affixes prefixes and suffixes in English are bound morphemes. The free morphemes can generally be identified as the set of separate English word forms such as basic nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. When they are used with bound morphemes attached, the basic word forms are technically known as stems.
For example: undressed carelessness un- dress -ed care -less -ness prefix stem suffix stem suffix suffix bound free bound free bound bound We should note that this type of description is a partial simplification of the morphological facts of English. There are a number of English words, typically derived from Latin, in which the element treated as the stem is not a free morpheme. In words such as receive, reduce and repeat, we can identify the bound morpheme re- at the beginning, but the elements -ceive, -duce and -peat are not separate word forms in English and hence cannot be free morphemes.
These free forms are called lexical morphemes. Other types of free morphemes are called functional morphemes. Examples are articles a, theconjunctions and, becauseprepositions on, near and pronouns it, me. Derivational Morphemes The set of affixes that make up the category of bound morphemes can also be divided into two types.
One type is described in Chapter 5 in terms of the derivation of words. These are derivational morphemes.
We use these bound forms to make new words or to make words of a different grammatical category from the stem. For example, the addition of the derivational morpheme -ment changes the verb encourage to the noun encouragement. The noun class can become the verb classify by the addition of the derivational morpheme -ify. Derivational morphemes can be suffixes like -ment and -ify and also prefixes, such as re- pre- ex- mis- co- un.
These are not used to produce new words in the language, but rather to indicate the grammatical function of a word. English has only eight inflectional morphemes, all suffixes. One likes to have fun and is always laughing.
The other enjoyed school as a child and has always been very serious. One is the loudest person in the house and the other is quieter than a mouse. There are four inflections attached to verbs: -s 3rd person singular, present tense-ing present participle-ed past tense and -en past participle. Two inflections attach to adjectives: -er Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) and -est superlative. There is some variation in the form of these inflectional morphemes.
An inflectional morpheme never changes the grammatical category of a word. For example, both old and older are adjectives. The -er inflection here from Old English -ra simply creates a different version of the adjective. However, a derivational morpheme can change the grammatical category of a word. The verb teach becomes the noun teacher if we add the derivational morpheme -er from Old English -ere.
So, the suffix -er in Modern English can be an inflectional morpheme as part of an adjective and also a distinct derivational morpheme as part of a noun. Whenever there is a derivational suffix and an inflectional suffix used together, they always appear in that order. First the derivational -er is attached to teach, then the inflectional -s is added to produce teachers.
Figure 6. The inflectional morpheme -s is added to cat and we get the plural cats. What is the inflectional morpheme that makes sheep the plural of sheep, or men the plural of man? These two words are clearly exceptions to the general pattern and have to be treated as special cases. One way to describe more regular differences in inflectional morphemes is by proposing variation in morphological realization rules.
In order to do this, we draw an analogy with processes already noted in phonology Chapter 4, page Just as we treated phones as the actual phonetic realization of phonemes, so we can propose morphs as theactual forms used to realize morphemes.
The inflectional suffix -ed is used in the typical derivation: flirted, hugged and kissed. See Task C, on page 81, for more on the allomorphs of past tense in English. Other languages When we look at the morphology of other languages, we can find other forms and patterns realizing the basic types of morphemes we have identified.
Kanuri This first set of examples is from Kanuri, a language spoken in Nigeria. The process is similar to the use of the suffix -ness in English, creating the noun bigness from the adjective big. Discovering a regular morphological feature of this type helps us to make certain predictions when we encounter other forms. Ganda Different languages also employ different means to produce inflectional marking on forms.
Here are some examples from Ganda, a language spoken in Uganda. Ilocano When we look at Ilocano, a language of the Philippines, we find a quite different way of marking plurals. Tagalog Here are some examples from Tagalog, another language of the Philippines.
It is an example of an infix described in Chapter 5, page In the third example in each column, the change involves a repetition of the first syllable, as basa becomes babasa. So, referring to the future in Tagalog is done via reduplication. In the third column, with reduplication, we would write lalakad and lalapit. Learn more about Tagalog in Task D, on page Study Questions 1 How many morphemes are there in the word terrorists?
When she walked into the room, the doctor asked me if I had a sore throat or an annoying cough. Bob brought hot donuts to class. I put it on the shelf near you and him. What is the technical term used to describe this relationship? Were there any examples of English suppletive forms described in this chapter? B What are enclitics and proclitics? Does English have both?
What are some typical English examples? Are these lexical or functional morphemes? Are these derivational or inflectional suffixes? What do you think is the basis for choosing one or the other? F Using what you learned Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) Swahili and information provided in the set of examples below, create appropriate forms as translations of the English expressions 1 — 6 that follow.
H Regular nouns in Tamasheq spoken in north-west Africa have different forms when they are singular or plural, masculine or feminine. Is there a special term for affixes that have the structure illustrated in most of the plural nouns here?
There is also a basic description in Aikhenvald and Genetti, They illustrate a derivational process in which noun-like forms are created from verb stems. After studying the first set of examples and the additional verb stems, can you add appropriate forms to the sentences below? This would suggest that the forms with the regular plural affix -s follow a different rule in compounding than irregular plural forms such as mice.
Can you think of a way to state a rule or sequence of rules that would accommodate all the examples given here? Using this information, can you state the conditions under which each of the plural morphs is used? For more examples, see Gleason, For more on Turkish, see Lewis, Fudeman What Is Morphology?
Blackwell Payne, T. Genetti ed. We have described linguistic expressions as sequences of sounds that can be represented in the phonetic alphabet and described in terms of their features. We can take the same expression and describe it as a sequence of morphemes.
English Grammar However, we have not accounted for the fact that the three words in this phrase can only be combined in a particular sequence. From these examples, we can see that English has strict rules for combining words into phrases. The article the must go before the adjective luckywhich must go before the noun boys. The process of describing the structure of phrases and sentences in such a way that we account for all the grammatical sequences in a language and rule out all the ungrammatical sequences is one way of defining the grammar of a language.
It is the kind of definition assumed when we talk about the grammar of English as opposed to the grammar of Swahili, Tagalog or Turkish. As illustrated in Chapter 6, each of these languages has different ways of forming grammatical phrases and sentences.
Studying grammar in this way has a very long tradition. Since there was a well-established grammatical description of Latin, based on earlier analyses of Greek, it seemed appropriate to adopt the existing categories from this description and apply them in the analysis of newer languages such as English. Because Latin and Greek were the languages of philosophy, religion and scholarship, the description of the grammatical components of these languages was taken to be the best model for other grammars.
Adjectives are words used, typically with nouns, to provide more information about the things referred to large objects, a strange experience. Adverbs are words used, typically with verbs, to provide more information about actions, states and events slowly, yesterday.
Some adverbs really, very are also used with adjectives to modify information about things Really large objects move slowly. I had a very strange experience yesterday. Pronouns are words she, herself, they, it, you used in place of noun phrases, typically referring to people and things already known She talks to herself. They said it belonged to you.
This agreement is partially based on the category of number, that is, whether the noun is singular or plural. It is also based on the category of person, which covers the distinctions of first person involving the speakersecond person involving the hearer and third person involving any others.
The different forms of English pronouns can be described in terms of person and number. We use I for first person singular, you for second person singular, and he, she, it or Cathy for third person singular.
In addition, the form of the verb must be described in terms of another category called tense. In this case, the verb loves is in the present tense, which is different from the past tense loved. The sentence is also in the active voice, describing what Cathy does i. An alternative would be the passive voice, which can be used to describe what happens to Cathy i.
Our final category is gender, which helps us describe the agreement between Cathy and her in our example sentence. In English, we have to describe this relationship in terms of natural gender, mainly derived from a biological distinction between male and female.
The agreement between Cathy and her is based on a distinction made in English between reference to female entities she, hermale entities he, his and things or creatures, when the sex is unknown or irrelevant it, its. Figure 7. Decades later, informer residents of Vault 15 established Shady Sands northwest of Necropolis. The Mojave Wasteland was another incubator of civilization. This was due in no small part to Robert House 's preparations; his secret missile defense systems ensured that Las Vegas and the surrounding desert was hit by fewer bombs than anywhere else in the region, and as time passed, the city was rebuilt through the combined efforts of House, the local tribalsand residents of Vault Its infrastructure was so far advanced that, byit was, according to Mr.
House, within a century of being able to launch a colonization spaceship. In the East, the Capital Wasteland was also left surprisingly intact. Although unable to compete with the more advanced societies of the West, it was nonetheless able to support a local radio stationcaravan routes and a large-scale water purification plant. Similarly, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and Boston were left relatively unharmed, being struck by only a single, high-yield nuclear weapon in an area that came to be known as the Glowing Sea.
Like the Capital Wasteland, it too supported caravan infrastructureregional radio broadcastsand other such amenities. Appalachia was left largely unaffected by the bombs, aside from mutations and radiation, most areas look very similar to their pre-war counterparts. As these regions rose from the ashes, so too did new societies. The New California Republic was established in and would control all of New California a century later. The Brotherhood of Steel was founded days after the Great War and would become a technological powerhouse by The Enclave —descendants of the United States government and the military-industrial complex—made their presence felt in New California in and then in the Capital Wasteland in The Rome-obsessed slavers of Caesar's Legion arose inforged from the conquest of 87 tribes, and would control most if not all of Arizona and New Mexicoalong with some holdings in eastern Utah and parts of southern Colorado.
While very little is known of the world beyond the former United States, Mexico, and Canada, things seem to be significantly worse in Great Britain and Ireland than in North America, as inhabitants of the Isles often emigrate to the American wastelands in search of fortune, opportunity, and a better life. The distinctive creatures in the Fallout world arose after the Great War and were the result of exposure to radiation or the Forced Evolutionary Virus.
Radiation led to the spontaneous rise of many new species three years after the bombs fell. The new species were larger, hardier, and more dangerous than the animals and insects from which they mutated. Radscorpionsgiant antsand brahmin descended from scorpions, household ants, and cows, respectively.
In the destruction after the War, genetically modified creatures were also free to flourish in the wastes. One such creature, deathclawshave grown in number to the point that they are commonplace where they were once considered a legend by wastelanders.
The Enclave has also taken to further experimentation on the deathclaws, resulting in a now-extinct colony of intelligent deathclaws and deathclaws that have been implanted with control units for easier control. Heavy exposure of radiation mutated some humans, who possessed a particular genetic trait, into ghouls. Although their decaying skin gave them a frightening, almost inhuman appearance, they generally retained their mental faculties: their ability to reason and communicate were left intact.
Ironically, despite their physical decay, they had heightened senses and longer lifespans. Varying degrees of exposure gave rise to diversity within the ghoul community. Ghouls exposed to prolonged radiation poisoning lost their intelligence and mutated into feral ghouls.
Longer periods of radiation exposure resulted in further degeneration into glowing ones —ghouls with heightened physical capabilities who literally glow in the dark. Its origins lie in the years preceding the Sino-American War. The goal was simply to make the human immune system strong enough to resist any pathogen, natural, or engineered. Some of the side effects, discovered during testing, were increased size and strength. Army seized the project in an effort to create a super-soldier.
They moved the project to the Mariposa Military Base. Following the Great War, Mariposa was abandoned—the surviving leadership having left to form the Brotherhood of Steel. After laying dormant for 30 years, the base was rediscovered by Richard Moreauan exile from Vault 8.
After realizing that the FEV could be used to create super mutantshe attempted to raise an army but was defeated by the Vault Dweller. Using slave labor kidnapped from nearby Reddingthe Enclave excavated Mariposa.
Those slaves inadvertently exposed to the FEV mutated into a new batch of super mutants. Shelton Delacroixa Vault 87 security officer, was forcibly exposed to and mutated by it. While the mutation process took away much of his intelligence, he was, astoundingly, able to reclaim much of it by studying the Vault's database. A different strain of FEV was also tested on the civilian population in Huntersvilleand The Institute experimented with another strain of the virus after the war.
The FEV also made it into the hands Weston Lesko who inadvertently, but tragically, used it to mutate giant ants into fire ants. More specifically, New California stretches from Baja in the south to Klamath in Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) north.
It is a largely inhospitable region, which is why most people have chosen to seek refuge in the ruins of the old cities, where they have found relative safety in numbers. However, as resources grew more and more scarce, people and creatures came to consolidate into groups of their own kind, so locations are far more homogeneous than one might expect from a world ravaged by mutation.
The ghoul population of New California was mostly clustered around old Bakersfield Necropolisbut were scattered after an attack by the Master's Army. Most of the surviving ghouls eventually found a home in Gecko or Broken Hills along with humans and super mutants, both far to the northeast of Black Expedition - Tek 9 - Simply (CD) former home. Super mutants were plentiful in the Mariposa area from toand they sent patrols as far as to Los Angeles.
After the Master's defeat, however, most of them retreated to the east. It serves as the primary setting of Fallout: New Vegas. Compared to other parts of the former United States, the Mojave survived the Great War relatively unscathed.
House himself, overseeing the Three Families that run the New Vegas casinos. Two surviving pockets of super mutants reside in the area as well, with one at a ski lodge on Mount Charleston and the other the self-declared State of Utobitha on Black Mountain. While, strictly speaking, the "East Coast" describes the entire Eastern Seaboard of the continental United States, within the Fallout universe, it chiefly refers to the northeastern U. The Capital Wasteland encompassed the ruins of Washington, D.
The city's downtown, though surrounded by rubble and accessible only through its Metro system, was a hub of activity. The Galaxy News Radio building was operational, the signal amplified by dish atop the Washington Monument. A contingent of slavers operates out of the Lincoln Memorial.
Brotherhood of Steel paladinssuper mutants and Talon Company mercenaries fought to control The Mall. The Museum of History housed a ghoul colony. Just outside the city, the Brotherhood of Steel had a base in the ruins of the Pentagon.
The wilderness surrounding Washington, D. Rivet City was the most successful settlement and was instrumental in delivering Aqua Pura to the area when Project Purity was completed. Vault 87 produced the region's super mutant population. Vault was the home of the Lone Wanderer. To the immediate south of the Capital Wasteland was the former coastal resort of Point Lookout. The Pitt was the steelyard and the surrounding area in the ruins of Pittsburgh.
It was infested by wildmen and trogs until a Brotherhood of Steel detachment led by Paladin Owyn Lyons cleared the area on their way to the Capital Wasteland. They left behind Ishmael Ashurone of their own, who transformed The Pitt into a slave colony.
Just outside were the settlements of Ronto and Monroeville. The Commonwealth consists of the city of Boston and its surrounding towns, which weren't hit as hard as many of the other cities in the United Statesleaving most of the land relatively intact. Several settlements have popped up around the Commonwealth, offering safe haven to the people of the wasteland. Diamond Cityestablished in a baseball stadium in the center of the city and Goodneighborestablished in the Old State Houseare the two most prominent settlements in the Commonwealth. Fanzine - Thickly Painted Walls - Butterknife (Cassette, Album)
, Where Eagles Dare - Misfits - Legacy Of Brutality (Vinyl, LP, Album)
, Idle Hands - Shadows Fall - The Art Of Balance (CD, Album)
, Like This - Bambu (6) - Thirty-Eight Revolver, Volume One (CD)
, Все те мужчины - Зоопарк - Mp3 Play (CD)
, Dancer - Various - Dusty Fingers Volume Six (Vinyl, LP)
, Carl Kruger - Intrepid Hobbyist (File, MP3, Album)
, Hornhonkers - Lloyd Parker - Faster (CD, Album)
, Frühlingsstimmen-Walzer («Voix Du Printemps»/«Voices Of Spring»
, Was Mit Message - Pierre Sonality - Kein Hip Hop Fame (Cassette, Album)
, (Remember) Walking In The Sand (Live At Palos Verdes High School) - Go-Gos - Vacation (CD, Album)
, Alles Möglich
, Riding On A Wave - Various - Jingles Volume Three (Vinyl, LP)