After Savin was indicted for forcing Lee to commit perjury, and despite the discovery that Savin was the father, a jury found him not guilty. Lee was sent to the Clinton County poorhouse in Missouri with her daughter, Marguerite Baxter, who became Angelou's grandmother. Angelou described Lee as "that poor little black girl, physically and mentally bruised".
The details of Angelou's life described in her seven autobiographies and in numerous interviews, speeches, and articles tended to be inconsistent. Critic Mary Jane Lupton has explained that when Angelou spoke about her life, she did so eloquently but informally and "with no time chart in front of her". Angelou held many jobs, including some in the sex tradeworking as a prostitute and madam for lesbians, as she described in her second autobiography, Gather Together in My Name.
In a interview, Angelou said. I wrote about my experiences because I thought too many people tell young folks, 'I never did anything wrong. Who, Moi? I have no skeletons in my closet. In fact, I have no closet.
My mom or dad never did anything wrong. Angelou had one son, Guy, whose birth she described in her first autobiography; one grandson, two great-grandchildren,  and, according to Gillespie, a large group of friends and extended family.
Inthe gossip website TMZ erroneously reported that Angelou had been hospitalized in Los Angeles when she was alive and well in St. Louis, which resulted in rumors of her death and, according to Angelou, concern among her friends and family worldwide.
Angelou" by people outside of her family and close friends. She owned two homes in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and a "lordly brownstone"  in Harlemwhich was purchased in  and was full of her "growing library"  of books she collected throughout her life, artwork collected over the span of many decades, and well-stocked kitchens.
The Guardian writer Gary Younge reported that in Angelou's Harlem home were several African wall hangings and her collection of paintings, including ones of several jazz trumpeters, a watercolor of Rosa Parksand a Faith Ringgold work entitled "Maya's Quilt Of Life".
According to Gillespie, she hosted several celebrations per year at her main residence in Winston-Salem; "her skill in the kitchen is the stuff of legend—from haute cuisine to down-home comfort food". The Welcome Tablewhich featured 73 recipes, many of which she learned from her grandmother and mother, accompanied by 28 vignettes.
She would wake early in the morning and check into a hotel room, where the staff was instructed to remove any pictures from the walls. She would write on legal pads while lying on the bed, with only a bottle of sherry, a deck of cards to play solitaireRoget's Thesaurusand the Bible, and would leave by the early afternoon. She would average 10—12 pages of written material a day, which she edited down to three or four pages in the evening.
Angelou stated that she played cards in order to get to that place of enchantment and in order to access her memories more effectively. She said, "It may take an hour to get into it, but once I'm in it—ha! It's so delicious! Angelou died on the morning of May 28, at the age Although Angelou had reportedly been in poor health and had canceled recent scheduled appearances, she was working on another book, an autobiography about her experiences with national and world leaders.
He said, "She left this mortal plane with no loss of acuity and no loss in comprehension. Tributes to Angelou and condolences were paid by artists, entertainers, and world leaders, including Obama, whose sister was named after Angelou, and Bill Clinton.
Angelou wrote a total of seven autobiographies. According to scholar Mary Jane Lupton, Angelou's third autobiography Singin' and Swingin' and Gettin' Merry Like Christmas marked the first time a well-known African-American autobiographer had written a third volume about her life.
Angelou wrote five collections of essays, which writer Hilton Als called her "wisdom books" and "homilies strung Album) with autobiographical texts". All my work, my life, everything I do is about survival, not just bare, awful, plodding survival, but survival with grace and faith. While one may encounter many defeats, one must not be defeated. Maya Angelou . Angelou's long and extensive career also included poetry, plays, screenplays for television and film, directing, acting, and public speaking.
Angelou's successful acting career included roles in numerous plays, films, and television programs, including her appearance in the television mini-series Roots in Her screenplay, Georgia, Georgiawas the first original script by a Black woman to be produced, and she was the first African-American woman to direct a major motion picture, Down in the Deltain When I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings was published inAngelou was hailed as a new kind of memoirist, one of the first African-American women who were able to publicly discuss their personal lives.
According to scholar Hilton Als, up to that point, Black female writers were marginalized to the point that they were unable to present themselves as central characters in the literature they wrote.
He placed Angelou in the tradition of African-American literature as a defense of Black culture, which he called "a literary manifestation of the imperative that reigned in the black scholarship of the period". Als said that Caged Bird marked one of the first times that a Black autobiographer could, as he put it, "write about blackness from the inside, without apology or defense".
America's most visible black woman autobiographer",  and "a major autobiographical voice of the time". Als said that Caged Bird helped increase Black feminist writings in the s, less through its originality than "its resonance in the prevailing Zeitgeist ",  or the time in which it was written, at the end of the American Civil Rights Movement.
Als also claimed that Angelou's writings, more interested in self-revelation than in politics or feminism, have freed other female writers to "open themselves up without shame to the eyes of the world". Braxton stated that Caged Bird was "perhaps the most aesthetically pleasing" autobiography written by an African-American woman in its era. Reviewer Elsie B. Washington called Angelou "the black woman's poet laureate".
Angelou's books, especially I Know Why the Caged Bird Singshave been criticized by many parents, causing their removal from school curricula and library shelves. According to the National Coalition Against Censorshipsome parents and some schools have objected to Caged Bird ' s depictions of lesbianism, premarital cohabitation, pornography, and violence.
Angelou was honored by universities, literary organizations, government agencies, and special interest groups. Angelou's autobiographies have been used in narrative and multicultural approaches in teacher education.
Jocelyn A. According to Glazier, Angelou's use of understatement, self-mockery, humor, and irony have left readers of Angelou's autobiographies unsure of what she left out and how they should respond to the events she described. Angelou's depictions of her experiences of racism have forced white readers to either explore their feelings about race and their own "privileged status", or to avoid the discussion as a means of keeping their privilege.
Glazier found that critics have focused on the way Angelou fits within the genre of African-American autobiography and on her literary techniquesbut readers have tended to react to her storytelling with "surprise, particularly when [they] enter the text with certain expectations about the genre of autobiography".
Educator Daniel Challener, in his book Stories of Resilience in Childhoodanalyzed the events in Caged Bird to illustrate resiliency in children. He argued that Angelou's book has provided a "useful framework" for exploring the obstacles many children like Maya have faced and how their communities have helped them succeed.
He found Caged Bird a "highly effective" tool for providing real-life examples of these psychological concepts. Angelou is best known for her seven autobiographies, but she was also a prolific and successful poet.
She was called "the black woman's poet laureate", and her poems have been called the anthems of African Americans. DeGout, literature also affected Angelou's sensibilities as the poet and writer she became, especially the "liberating discourse that would evolve in her own poetic canon".
Many critics consider Angelou's autobiographies more important than her poetry. Angelou's use of fiction-writing techniques such as dialogue, characterization, and development of theme, setting, plot, and language has often resulted in the placement of her books into the genre of autobiographical fiction. Hagen places Angelou in the long tradition of African-American autobiography, but claims that Angelou created a unique interpretation of the autobiographical form.
According to African-American literature scholar Pierre A. Walker, the challenge for much of the history of African-American literature was that its authors have had to confirm its status as literature before they could accomplish their political goals, which was why Angelou's editor Robert Loomis was able to dare her into writing Caged Bird by challenging her to write an autobiography that could be considered "high art".
According to McWhorter, Angelou structured her books, which to him seem to be written more for Album) than for adults, to support her defense of Black culture. McWhorter sees Angelou as she depicts herself in her autobiographies "as a kind of stand-in figure for the Black American in Troubled Times".
Bloom compares Angelou's works to the writings of Frederick Douglassstating that both fulfilled the same purpose: to describe Black culture and to interpret it for their wider, white audiences. According to scholar Sondra O'Neale, Angelou's poetry can be placed within the African-American oral tradition, and her prose "follows classic technique in nonpoetic Western forms".
As McWhorter states, "I have never read autobiographical writing where I had such a hard time summoning a sense of how the subject talks, or a sense of who the subject really is". McWhorter recognizes that much of the reason for Angelou's style was the "apologetic" nature of her writing. Instead, they were placed to emphasize the themes of her bookswhich include racism, identity, family, and travel.
English literature scholar Valerie Sayers has asserted that "Angelou's poetry and prose are similar". They both rely on her "direct voice", which alternates steady rhythms with syncopated patterns and uses similes and metaphors e.
For example, she referenced more than literary characters throughout her books and poetry. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American poet, author, and civil rights activist — For the English folk rock band, see Angelou band.
For the crater on Mercury, see Angelou crater. Writer poet civil rights activist. Tosh Angelos. Paul du Feu. I make writing as much a part of my life as I do eating or listening to music. Main article: List of Maya Angelou works. Main article: List of honors received by Maya Angelou.
Main article: Poetry of Maya Angelou. Main article: Themes in Maya Angelou's autobiographies. Miller calls Angelou's performance of her song "All That Happens in the Marketplace" the "most genuine musical moment in the film".
He, like his mother, became a writer and poet. December 17, Archived from the original on December 17, Maya Angelou". The New York Times. Retrieved November 23, The Star Phoenix. Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved May 30, In Johnson, Claudia ed. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Press. ISBN The New Republic. Retrieved December 25, The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, Oxford University Press. World Book Club. BBC World Service. October Retrieved December 17, Helped His African-American Neighbors".
New York Jewish Week. Retrieved July 9, National Public Radio. May 28, Market Street railway. February 1, March 12, She The People [blog]. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 26, Retrieved September 27, Smithsonian Magazine. Parting the Curtains: Interviews with Southern Writers. Blair Publisher. Turner Classic Movies. Hitchin' A Ride 7. Ride Captain Ride 8. Love Land O-O-H Child. Have You Ever Seen the Rain 2.
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Best of the Best CD. Summer of '69 2. HIgher Ground 3. Don't Dream It's Over 4. Good Vibrations 5. Maggie May 6. Wild World 7. All Night Long 8. She admitted inspiration when she saw Joplin perform live and opened for her with her first band Fritz shortly before Joplin's death. Nicks owns a strand of Joplin's stage beads. She also commented that she once saw a woman in her audience dressed in dripping chiffon with a Gibson Girl hairstyle and big boots, and Nicks knew she wanted something similar.
She took the look and made it her own. Nicks has started a charity foundation titled "Stevie Nicks' Band of Soldiers" which is used for the benefit of wounded military personnel. While visiting wounded service men and women, she became determined to find an object she could leave with the soldiers that would raise their spirits, motivate, and give them something to look forward to each day.
She eventually decided to purchase hundreds of iPod Nanos, load them with music, artists, and playlists which she would hand select, and autograph them: . I call it a soldiers' iPod. It has all the crazy stuff that I listen to, and my collections I've been making since the s for going on the road, when I'm sick She now regularly delivers these tokens of her appreciation, bringing her closest friends, such as Mick Fleetwood, along to share the experience: .
So, as Mick [Fleetwood] and I went from room to room delivering their tiny iPod, they told us their stories. Mick became his tall, loving, father figure, English self, taking in every word they said, remaining calm at least on the outside inspiring them.
We floated from room to room down through the halls of the two hospitals over a three-day period. We gave out all our iPods. In my eyes they went from the coolest rock stars to generous great men; as my press agent Liz Rosenberg said, every returning wounded soldier should be given an iPod. It will be an integral part of their recovery. Nicks's style has remained the same throughout her years in the spotlight and even "at 60 she is still working the gossamer tunics and shawls that have influenced two generations of Stevie acolytes, and given her performances the feel of a Wiccan ritual" writes New York Times reporter Ruth La Ferla.
Nicks prefers to wear black onstage. She began to wear it primarily because it was "easy and slimming". In the late 70's, Nicks began receiving threatening mail accusing her of witchcraft. I just wear black because it makes me look thinner you idiots. Nicks later stated that she felt ugly in the new colors, ultimately gave up and went back to black in Many artists have cited Nicks as a source of influence and musical inspiration.
The Dixie Chicks covered "Landslide", which became a top hit number one on the Adult Contemporary chart and a number one hit on the Country chart. This cover also earned her a BMI Songwriters Award in when it won Song of the Year the award is given to the songwriter of the track, regardless of the performer.
This distinction is given to the song tallying the most feature U. Nicks appeared in the video for "Bootylicious" and in an episode of MTV's Making The Video that featured it, in which she expressed her admiration for both the song and the group. Deep Dish fulfilled their "Dreams" of working with Nicks in when Nicks offered to re-record vocals on a remix of her number-one penned song, " Dreams ". Nicks provided additional vocals on Vanessa Carlton's album, Heroes and Thieves.
Swift, who describes Nicks as one of her childhood heroes, introduced her to the audience by saying, "It's a fairy tale and an honor to share the stage with Stevie Nicks. On December 13,she was announced as one of seven inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame class ofmaking her the first woman to be inducted twice to the hall.
Nicks's only marriage was to Kim Anderson, the widower of her friend Robin Anderson. They married in soon after Robin Anderson died of leukemia and while the Bella Donna album was on the top of the charts. Nicks has said that she consciously chose not to have children of her own, due to her demanding career and desire to follow her art wherever it should take her: "My mission maybe wasn't to be a mom and a wife; maybe my particular mission was to write songs to make moms and wives feel better.
It's much more fun to be the crazy auntie than it is to be the mom, anyway. Nicks has maintained a journal nearly every day since her tenure in Fleetwood Mac began. They can have it in their hands, who I was.
If I'm gonna talk about all the people in my life, I need to be old enough and so do they, that nobody's gonna care I would never write a book about the bad parts. I would mostly revel in the fantastic parts, of which there were so many. Nobody is leading us.
Nobody has a plan. In earlyreports surfaced concerning Lindsay Lohan 's interest in buying the rights to Nicks's life story and developing a motion picture in which she planned to play her.
In Marchwhile promoting her album Crystal VisionsNicks was asked about this rumor. She told Access Hollywood"That is completely insane and crazy.
There is no movie in the works on my life. Nobody can do a movie about my life without me being involved, because nobody knows what really happened in my life until I tell them. So, nobody can make a movie about my life.
And if anybody ever went and made a movie about my life without my permission and my being involved, I would slam it so hard to the press that it would never do anything. She needs to stop doing drugs and get a grip.
Then maybe we'll talk. She announced in mid that her Paradise Valley home would be put up for sale, citing her aspirations to "downsize" and focus more on her charity work, and that in the previous year she had only "spent about two weeks there". InNicks performed with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers for the first leg of their tour in the summer, and later in the year returned as a guest performer for a number of songs on the tour celebrating Petty's 30th anniversary since his debut album.
Nicks was also the featured performer for Bette Midler 's benefit function, Hulaween, in October Nicks continued the tour solo, with Vanessa Carlton opening on some dates.
InNicks embarked on the Soundstage Sessions tour in the U. A video recording of one concert date was released in Live in Chicago. Vanessa Carlton performed as a guest artist. InFleetwood Mac embarked on a global hits tour. The Unleashed tour took place in arenas on multiple continents. Nicks has been nominated for eight Grammy Awards as a solo artist, holding the record for most nominations for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance without a win. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American singer and songwriter.
Phoenix, ArizonaU. Kim Anderson. Musical artist. Further information: Stevie Nicks discography. See also: Fleetwood Mac discography.
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