VVL The intake camshaft was machined with a split lobe for each intake valve — the centre of the lobe was the low-speed lobe, while the outer lobes were the high-speed lobes. The lobes could be engaged in response to a signal from the ECM to an oil switching valve OSV in each cylinder head which supplied oil pressure to a switchable tappet.
The variable valve lift system only changed the lift of one of the intake valves for each cylinder since the other intake valve always provided high lift. The operation of the variable valve lift system may be summarised as follows: At engine speeds below rpm, valve lift for one of the intake valves was reduced to increase intake air speed and to create a swirl effect within the combustion chamber since the lift of the two intake valves differed.
As a result of the faster intake air speed and better mixture formation, a higher torque output was achieved; At engine speeds between rpm and with high loads, valve lift for the variable intake valve would be increased to reduce intake resistance for greater power; and, At engine speeds above rpm, high valve lift would be provided regardless of load. This was only released as a vinyl record and was limited to copies.
The album has not been reprinted since its release. In Converge released their first compilation albumCaring and Killing. The album featured tracks from the band's early work from the years to The album was re-released through Hydra Head Records on November 17, in America to "make an overpriced release obsolete". It was released through Ferret Musicand was one of the earliest releases through the newly-formed label. Later that same year the record was re-released with four additional new tracks.
Two years later, the record was reissued through Converge's new label Equal Vision Records on January 20, This version contained the previous eight tracks as well as three newly added live tracks, recorded during a radio broadcast. Due to the addition of the new tracks, fans and sources consider this to be Converge's second studio album, while the band considers it a compilation album because it is a collection of songs recorded at different times.
In early the band's original bassist, Feinburg, left the band, and was replaced with Stephen Brodsky. Also that year, the band signed to Equal Vision Records.
InBrodsky left the band and was replaced by Newton, who initially joined the band as a part-time member while he was still active in another band, Jesuit. Jesuit later disbanded inallowing Newton to make Converge his main focus. In earlythe original drummer Bellorado left the band and was quickly replaced with John DiGiorgio,  who also left the band in the same year. Koller joined Converge in latereplacing DiGiorgio. The band was reported to take part in a Metallica tribute split series titled Crush 'Em All with Today Is the Day for Undecided Records in but the release fell through.
Converge entered the studio to begin recording in the summer of On September 4,Converge released their fourth studio album, Jane Doe. It was met with immediate critical acclaim, with critics praising its poetic lyrics, dynamic range, ferocity and production. It is the band's first studio album to feature Newton and Koller, and the last to feature Dalbec, who was asked to leave the band due to his devotion to his side project Bane. The album was originally released as a three track EP in It is modeled after band home videos such as Metallica 's Cliff 'Em All.
In early the band announced that they were signing to Epitaph Records, having previously been signed to Equal Vision. Bannon stated, "We are confident as artists and genuinely happy about the move.
We are part of a diverse, quality roster with Epitaph, rich in both history and integrity. We've struggled for years looking for a supportive label to call home and after a decade we have found it. Converge began writing for You Fail Me after they recorded Jane Doe ; they wrote on the road during sound checks of shows. Our Design - Various - Deathwish Singles Collection Number One (Vinyl) was Our Design - Various - Deathwish Singles Collection Number One (Vinyl) band's first Our Design - Various - Deathwish Singles Collection Number One (Vinyl) chart commercially, reaching number on the Billboard These reissues gave the albums one new bonus track each; Petitioning the Empty Sky received an alternate version of the song "Love as Arson" and When Forever Comes Crashing received a demo version of the song "Bitter and Then Some".
These reissues also came with new album artwork by Aaron Turner of Isis. Ballou said in an interview that he wanted to remix and remaster the albums because the quality of Converge's recordings had improved so much that the original recordings were "becoming distracting".
In early July Converge's official website announced the title of their upcoming album, No Heroesas well as the meaning behind it: "These days, cowards outnumber the heroes, and the begging souls outweigh the calloused hands of the hardest of workers. Both in life and in art, the lack of passion is sickening, and the lust for complacency is poisonous.
This album is the artistic antithesis of that sinking world; a thorn in the side of their beast. It's for those who move mountains one day at a time. It's for those who truly understand sacrifice. In our world of enemies, we will walk alone On October 24, Converge released their sixth studio album, No Heroes. This was the first Converge album to be self-produced by Ballou with no input from other producers, at his own GodCity Studio.
The same day as the album's release, Converge released a music video for the title track, directed by Ryan Zunkley. In November Converge began writing Axe to Fall. During this short tour, the band debuted a few new songs live, and footage could be seen online. The album was produced by Ballou, at GodCity Studio. In Augusttwo months prior to the release of Axe to FallConverge made the opening track, "Dark Horse", available for streaming and as a free download.
It was noted for being one of the few tracks lacking guest musicians, and was met with a very positive reaction from reviewers. The title track was also made available for free download in September The entire album was available for streaming on Converge's MySpace page one week before the official release date. On October 14,a music video was released for the title track of the album, directed by Craig Murray. On October 20, Converge released their seventh studio album, Axe to Fall.
In July the band released a limited-edition 7-inch vinyl single, On My Shield. It was released in three different colors, with each limited to 1, copies. One version was sold during Converge's European tours, one was sold through the band's Epitaph web store, and the final version was distributed to various vinyl retailers. On August 28, a music video was released for the track "Aimless Arrow" from the upcoming album, directed by Max Moore.
On October 3,the album was available to stream in its entirety on YouTube Our Design - Various - Deathwish Singles Collection Number One (Vinyl), a week before its official release. It peaked at number 70 on the Billboard surpassing Axe to Fall in terms of commercial success. This was released on November 27, The footage includes a full song Converge set and over 15 hours of live, rare, and previously unseen footage, which is claimed to span over a decade in the life of the band.
On April 29, Converge announced plans to reissue the album You Fail Me 12 years after the original release ; it was made available for pre-order the same day. Ballou remixed the album and Alan Douches remastered it. The album was also repackaged by Bannon. Ballou explained in an interview with Noisey that after he recorded and mixed the album No Heroeshe wanted to go back and remix You Fail Me, because he and the rest of the band were "never quite content with the original mix".
On January 16, the band announced they would release a live album of their Jane Doe set from the Netherlands Roadburn Festival intitled Jane Live. Deathwish's SoundCloud put the live version of the track "Jane Doe" up for streaming.
Jane Live was released on March 3, Koller announced during an interview that the band was planning to start tracking for a new album in the spring of He stated the album is "very powerful" and will be a "progression of something [they] did previously. On August 15, Converge released the new track "Under Duress", available for streaming.
It was described by Bannon as his "emotional reaction to the complex world in which we live". With the announcement of the song, the album's tracklist and cover art were revealed. The video was described by having "heavy with symbolism about parenthood and connection. On June 28,the band uploaded a short series of images to their Instagram page, alluding to a new release. On September 28, the band announced their 10th studio album Bloodmoon: Iset to be released on November 19, Converge's music is rooted in both hardcore punk and heavy metal  and they are considered one of the earliest and most influential metalcore bands.
However Bannon has stated: "I really don't know what mathcore is. Converge is an aggressive band. We have elements of hardcore, punk, and metal for sure. But I think trying to define our efforts and other bands with a generic subgenre name is counter productive. We all have something unique to offer and should be celebrated for those qualities rather than having them generalized for easy consumption.
Converge started writing and playing what they consider "relevant" music in We have been a band for over two decades. Kurt Ballou has produced and co-produced the majority of Converge's albums at his own GodCity Studio.
He has always been involved in the production of Converge's albums, but it was not until their album, No Heroesthat he was involved in the entire recording and mixing process. One reason Ballou claimed to get into the studio side of music was to have "maximum control over our music". He stated, "When we were starting out, no one wanted to help us anyway, so if we didn't take control, nothing was going to get done. Scott Butterworth of Noisey has described Bannon's vocals "as just another sonic element—more percussive and tonal than lyrical—allowing listeners to develop an emotional understanding of the material even without a precise knowledge of the words.
Bannon has designed all of Converge's artwork since their release, Petitioning the Empty Sky. Although reissues of older albums have had artwork done by Aaron Turner such as the reissues of Petitioning the Empty Sky and When Forever Comes CrashingBannon still took part in the design process of these reissues.
In an interview with RevolverBannon shared his art process, saying, "When I work I usually start out with a sketch of some kind, either in my process book or on a scrap of paper," he explains.
By doing that, I work through ideas, write about them, and force them to evolve into something more refined. From the Archives: S. From the Archives: San Diego schools fought smallpox vaccine mandates in From the Archives: San Diegan hikes miles in 25 hours in Only 5 nursing homes in San Diego County have fully vaccinated staffs.
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