Above all, the Impressionist musical language, techniques, and aesthetic had a direct and profound influence on the revolutionary Modern period that followed. It is characterized by a classical approach based on acoustic instrumentation and electronic sound simulation, often generated by synthesizers and samplers. The inclusion of traditional music instruments, especially chordophones such as violin, cello, and piano, became a standard for many s Dark Wave productions.
Shortly afterwards, UK-based post-punk acts Dead Can Dance and In the Nursery abandoned conventional rock structures in favour of instrumentation, sound simulation, and compositional techniques associated with classical music and film scores, and produced a range of essential full-length works.
Neo-Romantic 9, Releases Modern re-interpretation of early 19th century Romanticist ideals in music: high emotionality, folk elements, sometimes nationalism.
It can be seen as a reaction to modernist avant-garde of the midth century. Opera 63, Releases Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text libretto and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting. Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting,scenery, and costumes and sometimes includes dance. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble.
Opera is part of the Western classical music tradition. It was written more for middle-class audiences, and it heavily influenced film music throughout the 20th Century. Schubert, Schumann, Mendelssohn and Brahms represent the more conservative side of romanticism, and Berlioz, Strauss, Tchaikovsky, Wagner, Chopin, Debussy, and Holst represent the more experimental side. It is sometimes also referred to as experimental electronic music.
Acid House, however, has its own tag see below. Pretty much anything that uses a Roland TBtype sound in the same way it was used in Acid House music is fair game for getting the Acid tag. Often, acid jazz songs consist largely of funky basslines and upbeat hip-hop breaks, with the only improvised element being a melodic solo performance by a single instrument or vocalist.
AmbientReleases Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself. Ambient Music must be able to accommodate many levels of listening attention without enforcing one in particular; it must be as ignorable as it is interesting.
The Jersey Club style of breakbeat which arose in northern New Jersey in the s and s was influenced by Baltimore Club. Stylistically it comprises a four-to-the-floor rhythm normally at around — beats per minute, a strong emphasis on bass, and a pop music aesthetic similar to that of its precursor 2-step garage. The club reopened inonly to be closed down a year later, and then reopened a third time in Like grime, which was developing concurrently in London, bassline was associated with violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal activity during the time of its rise to popularity, which contributed to a general lack of willingness among venue owners and the police to accommodate bassline events.
The production process involves taking sampled or edited material that has existing drums in it and then adding other drum elements to it by layering them on top of the existing drums. These elements would typically be Kick, Snare, Hi-Hat, Crash, but could also include Toms and various percussion instruments.
The end result is a very thick and full sounding production especially in the low end of the frequency spectrum. Berlin-School 9, Releases The Berlin School is a style of electronic music that emerged in the s. Innovative Berlin School recordings were a precursor of ambient music. These latter bands have had a greater impact on synthpop and techno, while the Berlin School was a wellspring for ambient, electronica, new-age and trance.
Big Beat 18, Releases Breakbeat that is influenced by acid house. It was one of the more commercially successful electronic styles of the s. Bleep in this particular style of music began in and lasted until Some Discogs users nevertheless use Breaks and Breakbeat tags on these types of records, going back as far as for the first Jive Rhythm Trax release. Samples from any spectrum of pop culture Hollywood movies, Anime, video games, pop music are also common, and Ragga-Breakcore with the reggae samples is a popular sub-genre.
The Breaks tag often appears in conjunction with the Acid tag. Broken Beat 16, Releases A melting-pot genre distinguished by its avoidance of a bass-heavy kick drum hitting on every beat; the kick patterns are lighter and syncopated with prominent staccato claps or snares. It was most popular in the mids. Chiptune is generally considered distinct from VGM video game musicinsofar as chiptune is often stylistically and conceptually removed from the music typical of games.
Of course this line can often be blurry, and the two have considerable overlap. Dance-pop 41, Releases Uptempo music influenced by post-disco, synth-pop, new wave and house, characterised by strong beats and uncomplicated song structures with an emphasis on catchiness and melody. Generally produced with the intention of being both danceable and suitable for contemporary hit radio. Dance-pop should not be confused with eurodance, which in fact contains elements of techno, hi-NRG and euro disco.
Dark Ambient 55, Releases Dark ambient in the s also referred to as ambient industrial is a genre of post-industrial music that features foreboding, ominous, or discordant overtones, some of which were heavily inspired by elements of ambient music. Deep house, in this sense, is house music influenced by jazz, soul, and gospel. Vocals both male and female are common, and lyrical themes include positivity, community, love, self-belief, and overcoming hardship.
Overly synthetic sounds are downplayed, in favor of pianos, organs, horns, bass guitar, etc. Tracks sometimes follow more of a conventional verse-chorus-verse structure than other forms of house. Deep Techno 7, Releases Relatively wide sub genre with focusing on ambient, sometimes dancing and almost always low-end aspects.
Lays in styles from dub techno to abstract IDM. Especially good at proper soundsystem with no lights. DiscoReleases One of the main genres of dance music of the XX century, which arose in the early s. It is generally 50 to 90 BPM, and sometimes there is not even any overt percussion in the music.
The Downtempo tag was originally intended to refer to s—s chillout or lounge music that has a slow, rolling, hip-hop or dub-inspired groove with sampled beats, and which can be broadly categorized as primarily jazzy, primarily dubby, or both.
However, as downtempo is loosely defined, it has become an umbrella term for a broad selection of music with moody tones, chilling to passionate vocals, crossover indie vibes, and mellow beats. Usage of the Downtempo tag for music from before c. Drone 74, Releases Music style characterized by the use of sustained sounds and notes. Originally, a drone is a low-pitched sound supporting the main patterns of the musical piece, most typically in bagpipes.
Drones are also used in Doom Metal, where the bass line remains unchanged for several minutes while sometimes lacking any tempo for instance, Earth and Sunn O. The style consists predominantly of instrumental remixes of existing recordings and is achieved by significantly manipulating and reshaping the recordings, usually through the removal of vocals, emphasis of the rhythm section the stripped-down drum-and-bass trackthe application of studio effects such as echo and reverb, and the occasional dubbing of vocal or instrumental snippets from the original version or other works.
It was an early form of popular electronic music. Usually characterized by a deep, repetitive bass line with minimal percussion and deep synth stabs. Dubstep 50, Releases Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London, England, that generally features syncopated drum and percussion patterns with bass lines that contain prominent sub bass frequencies.
The tempo is usually around BPM and the snare will hit down on the third beat, this makes dubstep easily mixed with 70 or BPM tunes. It emerged in the late s as a development within a lineage of related styles such as 2-step garage, broken beat, drum and bass, jungle, dub and reggae.
In the UK the origins of the genre can be traced back to the growth of the Jamaican sound system party scene in the early s. Dungeon Synth 7, Releases Dungeon synth also known as fantasy music is an Ambient genre that emerged in the early s, stylistically related to orchestral Soundtracks, particularly Film Score music. Synthesizers and keyboards are the primary instruments of choice, with vocals, samples and acoustic instruments also frequently used.
Pioneered by artists such as Mortiis, Burzum and Pazuzu, the intention of dungeon synth is generally to evoke settings of fantasy and adventure, drawing inspiration from Black Velvet Band - Unknown Artist - Greatest Irish Accordion Melodies CD 2 (CD mythology, fantasy writers such as J.
Tolkien, fairy tales, as well as role-playing games like Dungeons and Dragons. Dark Ambient music, Western Classical Music and Darkwave are often cited as influences for the mood and atmosphere of dungeon synth. The style is Album) used in the soundtracks of some Video Game Music with medieval or dungeon-based settings, often being blended with Bit Music.
EBM 35, Releases Electronic body music EBM is a genre of electronic music that combines elements of industrial music and synth-punk with elements of disco and dance music. It developed in the early s in Germany and Belgium and came to prominence in Belgium at the end of the decade. EBM was generally considered a part of the European new wave and post-punk movement and the first style that blended synthesized sounds with an ecstatic style of dancing e.
In the second half of the s, a youth-cultural scene emerged from EBM whose followers describe themselves as EBM-heads or in North America as rivetheads.
In contrast to typical hip-hop approach of mining funky beats and warm basslines from old vinyl and emphasizing a rap vocal, the Electro vibe is more about producing new, cold, heavily synthetic-sounding beats and minimal basslines, with chanted vocals, extended instrumental passages, and minor-key lead synth themes.
The term or prefix Electro is also applied to synth-pop and industrial dance music with little or no hip-hop connection, but which just incorporated similarly styled beat patterns, instrumentation, and overall feel.
As with Electroclash and in contrast with pure Electro, Electro-House is often dominated by lead synths or samples which use distortion as a characteristic effect; examples include some of the music of Justice or Kavinsky. If in doubt which genre applies, ask in the Database Forum. During one of the major updates of the Discogs back end, Electronic genre releases with no style tag were given the tag Electro automatically.
This resulted in many releases being tagged as Electro in error. Electro House 52, Releases Electro house is a music genre characterized by heavy bass and a tempo around beats per minute. Its origins were influenced by tech house and electro.
Electro-house is typified by its heavy bass. This is often in the form of buzzing basslines, such as those created with sawtooth waves and distortion. It is also often in the form of large bass drum sounds in a four-on-the-floor pattern.
The tempo of electro house is usually between and beats per minute. Electro house sometimes resembles tech house, but it can contain melodic elements and electro-influenced samples and synths. Towards the middle of the s, elements of the sound became popular in mainstream music with artists such as Madonna and Kylie Minogue releasing material with an electroclash sound. Euro HouseReleases Euro House emerged in the late s as a style of vocal House music from the European continent.
The style originated in songs with strong influences from Dance-pop on a House music background. Euro-Disco 9, Releases Euro-disco generally refers to disco-pop songs that have a strong influence from Italo-disco yet do not originate from Italy.
The term suggests a relation to Europe as a whole, although most songs belonging to this genre are overwhelmingly German productions Just like Italo-disco, it includes mixing electronic sounds and disco rhythms together with a strong synth prominence to create a bittersweet tune accompanied by vocals which are often contemporary-themed. Eurodance 26, Releases Popular in nightclubs during the s, particularly in Europe. Very formulaic, Eurodance makes heavy use of synthesizers: strong basslines, pounding beats, with a set tempo anywhere between 90 and beats per minute, but usually in the range.
A typical song will have male rappers sing the verses and female singers perform the chorus, but variations are not rare. Eurodance was at its peak from to the early s, with acts such as Snap! A bulk of the production of the era was made in Italy and Germany.
Entering the s, the style changed drastically and branched out to be associated with new subgenres, including Italodance and Hands Up, while sometimes still being called Eurodance. ExperimentalReleases Experimental music consciously deviates from established musical norms of a particular genre, or of music in general. Music of almost any genre can be considered experimental — but the term is most associated with the more abstract and challenging strains of electronic music, jazz, and the modernist avant-garde of the midth century.
Experimental music might explore new compositional techniques e. Also featured heavy use of Latino instruments in the rhythm track e.
Other common characteristic is the groove flow that feels quite similar to locally-popular dangdut music, also originated from Indonesia. Tommy Fans particularly was the most advanced thinking and professional equiped music creator in Indonesia at that time.
Many yet-to-become future producers looked up to these early legends as their inspirations and also tutors. These remix method proved to be very well received by most Indonesian partygoers at the time due to its culturally familiar sound result.
This modification extended over time from partial to eventually entire song utilizised various sampled materials from many classic hits such as percussion loop, instrumentals and voice phrases makes it a new unique bootleg genre.
Because general club tracks in early s have a universal tempo range around BPM — BPM means almost every song existed technically could be remixed to a club track. The genre itself keep changing forms and adapt many new music trends from all over the world, with its leading pioneer Jockie Saputra became its first main developer with his iconic pumping percussion sound and fat bassline style.
In their hands the genre reached its peak popularity and creative performance. Unfortunately until then this genre had not yet recognized outside Indonesia mainly due to poor management and lack of proper promotion skills of the producers. In most cases many independent individuals self-published their own tracks or remixes, even the ones officially published by record label were not distributed or promoted very well. Resulting in degrading production quality and image.
Lately due to the extensive efforts of well designed promotion and constructive interactions between some Indonesian Funkot pioneers and other producers worldwide the genre already started to recognized by several small community groups in related countries such as Japan, India, US, Myanmar etc, and so far it generally received positive responses. Ironically while it seems to start blossom in some countries it actually begin to lost significant popularity in its own birthplace Indonesia.
The main cause beside introduction of new fresh genre is funkot considered dated right now by most Indonesians after aired for more than 10 years whilst in other countries it is still a fresh and exciting new stuff. Some producers from other countries are even already active producing their own version of Funkot.
The light may already started to dim at home but the story is just about to begin in other places. For those creative minds everywhere the limit of what this genre can do is endless. As for the ones who from the very beginning dedicated their career for decades to developing and bring this genre till this point, it sure will always has a special place in their hearts.
Future Jazz 28, Releases Arising in the second half of the s and also called nu jazz, Future Jazz is higher tempo, less funky, and less live performance-oriented than acid jazz.
It has stronger influences of Brazilian and Latin jazz styles, although it rarely uses horns. Gabber 24, Releases Style of hardcore born in Rotterdam the Netherlands in the early 90s as a counter-reaction towards the house scene of Amsterdam with its luxurious clubs and snobby clubgoers.
Sometimes the music and its culture are linked to soccer hooliganism and the extreme right movement, and not completely without a reason, for these subcultures do possess similar characteristic elements. Also known and referred to as gabba, hardcore or gabberhouse. With such a bass drum, an additional or a separate bassline is seldom used. Almost as important to a gabber song is the wet-reverberated clap accompanied with a snare drum and open hi-hat.
These aforementioned sounds can be played in between the kick drums, as well. It is common in gabber music to play the vocal samples, synths and drum loops on two different octaves. All these things contribute to the drive, dynamics and the hefty, bouncing rhythm of this style.
The BPM-range varies from to In the heyday of gabber music — the leading trend was a tempo of — BPM. The Dutch sound turned into something much darker, sinister and less melodic. German gabber, on the other hand, had always been from the darker and less happy side. Garage House 38, Releases While classic Chicago house music has a very strong funk influence, Garage House music is heavily influenced by soul music. This style was popular in the early s, up to and including around In the European record shops, it was one the first style available on the market due to the better distribution from New-Yorker labels as Nervous Records or Strictly Rhythm on the club circuit.
A good Chicago answer was held by Cajmere on his label Cajual Records. Its sound combines elements of the ghetto house style of Chicago with electro, Detroit techno, Miami bass, and UK garage. It is often faster than other dance music styles, and utilizes repetitive, gritty vocals along with fast-paced mixing and turntablism.
Glitch 24, Releases An electronic music style taking advantage of the characteristics of glitchy electronics or other components used in a process to make sound. Examples include; CD drive hum, Skipping records, etc. Glitch Hop Releases Glitch hop is a style of electronic music that combines the mid-tempo beats and rhythms of hip hop with the heavily processed electronic sounds and intentional use of unintended malfunctioning or abused audio sounds of glitch.
Glitch hop spiked in popularity in the mids as the style became more influenced by mainstream electronic dance music and has since been declining in popularity as most artists have moved on to other styles. In the beginning the terms Goa and Psychedelic became intermingled, with the full term being Psychedelic Goa Trance, later as the sound progressed after the term Goa was used only in reference of the old pre sound and releases. Psychedelic Trance along with its sub genres was what inherited the continuity of the Goa term.
Goa Trance is played in tempo around bpm. This kind of Trance is hypnotic, with pulsing melodies, floating basslines and use a lot of Mid-Asiatic musical phrasing.
Most of the technology used was popular analogue synthesizers. Grime 14, Releases Grime is a genre Black Velvet Band - Unknown Artist - Greatest Irish Accordion Melodies CD 2 (CD electronic dance music that emerged in London in the early s. It developed out of earlier UK electronic music styles, including UK garage and jungle, and draws influence from dancehall, ragga, and hip hop. The style is typified by rapid, syncopated breakbeats, generally around bpm, and often features an aggressive or jagged electronic sound.
Rapping is also a significant element of the style, and lyrics often revolve around gritty depictions of urban life. The style initially spread among pirate radio stations such as Rinse FM and underground scenes before achieving some mainstream recognition in the UK during the mids through artists such as Dizzee Rascal, Kano, Lethal Bizzle, and Wiley. In the mids, grime began to receive popular attention in Australia. In its original incarnation, it was characterized by strong bass drums, pitch shifted vocals and s disco like synths.
Nowadays postHands Up is a thriving genre with many artists and record labels. It is today considered an alternative form of hardstyle. In the UK, the genre emerges in the early s and is originally characterized by breakbeat sound samples and variants of other musical styles such as hip hop and italohouse. Inhappy hardcore reaches its peak of popularity in mainly British and Dutch markets through the growth in sales of music compilations like Bonkers UK, the Dutch Thunderdome and Happy 2b Hardcore in Canada, as well as the fact that many singles of the genre appear in international music charts.
In the early s however, it revives partially in the form of a new related genus reworked named UK hardcore, mainly directed towards the euphoric trance. Typically has a fast tempo around BPM. The later tracks would often have lengthy intro and outro drum and percussion for DJ mixing.
The style started to spread across to the straight scene from the early s with club nights such as Tidy, Sundissential and Storm. Hard Techno 6, Releases At the end of the s, fueled by the Schranz movement, a new, extremely hard style of Techno became popular, which is now generally referred to as Hardtechno.
This style runs at very high bpm, usually or more and features heavy distortion and prominent kickdrum. Not to get confused with Dark Techno. Many affluent mainstream Techno listeners often regard the darker variant of it as being called Hard Techno. Hard Trance 66, Releases Hard Trance falls into two distinct periods, but both have their birthplace in Germany. This new style brought the tempo down into the bpm range, and focused more on Euphoric Trance in construction.
Originated and popular in Germany, Belgium and Holland. Also favoured and prominent since the early days in UK and US. Developed from the sounds of acid, techno, house and hardcore breakbeat of which more later.
In Belgium the style of new beat should be mentioned as precedent to techno. Later faster variation of techno was being produced in Belgium which eventually led to hardcore and gabber over there. Hardcore can be fairly minimal and refined consisting of synthetic pad sounds, a Roland TB acid line, drum pattern Roland TR or TR, for example and sampled vocal sounds.
The beat from the drum machine is similar to any other harder variety of electronica: open and closed hi-hats, snare, clap, ride cymbal and cymbal at the beginning of a pattern and on the fills at the end.
Usually used in a way that gives the style its distinctive frenzy and hardness, and making the hectic beat sound even faster than it actually is. All the drum sounds can be also heavily reverberated, echoed, flangered or being filtered up and down on the breakdowns or throughout the entire song.
Distortion is extremely often used especially on the kick drum making it a highly distinguishable feature of the style. Compared to gabber, hardcore tends to be a bit slower but the tracks are executed in a more complex way sound- and structurewise. The BPM-count may be lower but the overall atmosphere of a song is darker and harder-edge.
Hard techno and industrial hardcore are two other styles akin. The kick drum can be hard, sharp and technolike or harsh, distorted and raw. It can be echoed or reverbed to give it a full, pumping character that moves the track forward. The distortion can also be used in the same manner as in jumpstyle, gabber, hard trance or US hard house: making the bass drum low and booming but not turning the waveform jaded or jagged; maintaining certain roundness and softness to it. The tempo is within — BPM.
Emerged in the UK in the early 90s. Lots of pitched-up rap vocal samples and drumloops, hoovers, stabs, pianos and chords used. Heavy on bass; sub-bass sounds used. BPM: — While early hardcore punk was extremely tied to punk rock, the genre developed into a more aggressive and of shorter songs. Canadian Band D. Hardstyle 32, Releases Hardstyle is an electronic dance genre mixing influences from hard trance and hardcore.
Hardstyle typically consists of a deep, hard-sounding kick drum, intense faded or reversed basslines accompanying the beat, a dissonant synth melody, and detuned and distorted sounds. Many hardcore artists produce hardstyle tracks as well, and many newer Hardstyle tracks are written in compound time for example older Headhunterz and Noisecontrollers work. HNW is distinct in the fact that the music consists of unchanging walls of sound that can go on for extremely long periods of time.
Many artists opt to distort and process white noise for their recordings, but other source material can be used. Despite the name, HNW is not always harsh and can also have a gentler sound or entirely consist of pops and clicks. It evolved from disco, preserving the four-on-the-floor kick drum and emphasizing strong melodies and simple octave bass lines, but also having a harder, more rock-like sound, with pop vocals and snare hits on the 2s and 4s.
This coincided with an increasing influence of house music, like the use of longer, more repetitive bass lines and open hi-hat sounds on the off beat. The peak was followed by a very rapid decline as house music and Eurodance overtook the club scene in Hip Hop 52, Releases Hip hop music, also called hip-hop, rap music, or hip-hop music, is a music genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted.
Other elements include sampling or synthesisand beatboxing. The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing and scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks.
Hip-House 13, Releases House music with a hip-hop influence. Vocals are usually rapped over a house beat. The actual hip-house scene was almost exclusively a Chicago phenomenon which started on wax in and had run its course by the end of It was created by house music producers, and featured a fast, syncopated rapping flow.
On Discogs, the Hip-House tag tends to be applied to any combination of rap vocals with house music, thus it includes all of these variations from to the present day. House music, as a genre of electronic dance music, originated in Chicago in the mid s. In the mid-to-late s, house music became popular in Europe, and then other major cities in North America, South America, and Australia.
Since the early to mids, house music has been infused in mainstream pop and dance music worldwide. The term IDM is now used almost exclusively in its acronym form, as the actual meaning came to be interpreted as implying that other styles of dance music are not intelligent. Illbient 4, Releases Illbient is characterized by dub-wise layering of soundscapes, hip hop-influenced use of samples, and a progressive approach to beat programming that encompasses all genres of world groove and electronic music.
It can be thought of as the dark, industrial, and often abstract, experimental side of the Downtempo genre. IndustrialReleases Industrial music is a genre of experimental music that emerged in the mids.
Its basic components are semi-acoustic and include the use of electronic instruments as well as unusual objects such as metal rods and pipes, and rigged power tools. Traditional instruments are sometimes used, but usually in non-traditional ways. Vocals, if present, tend to be either disaffected or angry.
Lyrical content tends to embody dark themes, as well as protest, tension, uncertainty, and the like. As with many alternative styles, it generally eschews pop melodies, virtuosic solos, and romantic themes. In its early years mids to mid sindustrial music was partly rhythmic but rarely danceclub-friendly, and was predominantly a product of the heady British, Australian, and European art-school scenes.
After the split of Throbbing Gristle inIndustrial music spawned several subgenres that have been described as Post-industrial music. Many of these styles have their own entry on Discogs. EBM and Rock music and laid the foundations of Industrial rock. It was mainly popular in Italy, the U. The main characteristic of this musical genre originally was the use of samples, especially female vocal samples over a House groove that was predominantly ruled on some tracks by electronic piano chords.
Taking influences from the early Chicago House hits of the late 80s. Typically the vocals used in most Italo House tracks where sampled from early U.
These powerful vocals would usually be used for the chorus, sometimes even not making much sense, due to the Italian musicians and producers at the time not understanding English very well. During this time, Italo House musicians, producers also featured acid sounds within their music and ventured as far as producing Techno, some producers also incorporated the exciting piano sound that had now become the basis of Italo House within some of their Techno releases.
Probably the most well known Label and Distributor of the Italo House genre would have to be Discomagic Records in Rome, which had many subsidiary labels that featured Italo House music. This label along with Media Records set the standards for an entire genre of music. DJs such as Sasha championed the Italo House sound and featured the genre heavily within his sets. Italo-Disco 43, Releases Generally, Italo-Disco consists of English pop vocals often sung a little weirdly by non-native English speakers over mid-tempo, heavily synthetic disco or hybrid disco-electro rhythms, with emphasized lead synths.
It was mostly produced by Italians in the mids. Thus, the term is sometimes used more broadly to describe dance music from outside of Italy and from different eras and in more diverse styles. Very formulaic, this style makes heavy use of synthesizers: strong basslines, pounding beats, with a set tempo anywhere between and beats per minute. A typical song will have male rappers sing the verses and female singers perform the chorus, but variations of that formula are frequent.
Songs featuring heavy sampling are not rare. Instrumental releases were also fairly frequent. During this era, production was absolutely massive; many records were being quickly produced, which leaded to inconsistent output quality between releases. For a long time there was no term coined for this kind of music, but when this style gained international fame the term was coined around and from then on this style of music was referred to as J-Core.
This second movement was very much about self-made doujin fandom releases, not bothered by copyright since it was a very underground niche culture at the time. As a result, many albums feature unlicensed remixes and in recent years some labels have had to shut down the production of these albums or face consequences. S and X-Treme Hard started to emerge which brought a more polished sound to the scene and started to become more mainstream as the years progressed.
At this time the scene also gained international fame. Various stores sold the albums internationally and events across the border started to happen too such as Hardcore Synergy at Anime Central. Despite the amount of releases though, it is still a very fleeting and underground scene. When first added to Discogs, it was envisioned as another name for late s Acid Jazz, or the slower side of Future Jazz. However, the term is also said to have been used in the s among Northern Soul nightclub DJs, in reference to some of the s—s funk, soul, and jazz music they curated for the dancefloor.
With these examples, there is little to differentiate jazzdance from acid jazz. Gone and Soulstance. Like Northern Soul from which it kind of branched offthey were catch-all terms for highly danceable jazz usually Latin or Brazilian inflected. It morphed into Acid Jazz as a marketing term when Acid House got huge in late 80s.
Loud claps are layered over the kicks, thus creating a stomping beat that encourages dancers to jump to it. Bass and melody are usually arranged in a shuffle beat, which supports the stomping character. Jumpstyle became one of the most popular Hard Electronic music genres during the period The genre emerged out of styles such as Hardcore, often using the same breakbeats and the same equipment. Jungle is characterized by high tempos to BPM being the averagechopped-up and often seemingly random breakbeat sequencing, heavy basslines, Reggae influence, and the iconic sound of Akai cyclic timestretch.
Jungle also focuses on a sense of atmospheric intelligence contrasting with the violent sound of high tempo drums and basslines, juxtaposing the sounds of Romplers and samples of New-Age songs with the heavy, relentless chopping of breaks such as the famous Amen break.
It is said to have given birth to such genres as Drum And Bass and Breakcore. Sometimes it is used as a less-alienating alternative for the term Experimental. Lento Violento Releases Lento Violento is a style of electronic dance music that developed in Italy.
It consists of a hard kick, like the ones present in Hardcore or Hardstyle, but played at a very slow tempo, with vocal samples and dark acid sounds on loop. Makina 9, Releases Spanish blend of hard house, happy hardcore and hard trance. Usually quite fast, bouncy and with over-the-top happy melodies.
When it arrived to Britain, the genre became hugely popular especially in the North East of England and Scotland but also attracts ravers from as far as Yorkshire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Lancashire, Staffordshire and the West Midlands to name but a few MinimalReleases Minimal is an adjective, and as such must be used to sharpen the style descritpion minimal techno for instance. The term was first time used on a track from Speedy J.
When used by itself, it generally denotes electronic music that uses only one synthesizer and one drum machine, without complex, layered melodies and instruments. Usually no vocals. Can also be used for field recordings and other soundscapes. Neofolk may either be solely acoustic or combine acoustic folk instrumentation with various other sounds.
It is coincidental that these were named similarly. At the peak of its popularity it had a significant following in Japan, though it remains largely an unseen, fleeting and mysterious movement outside of Japan. Proof listeners catch mistakes we may have missed during the initial recording and editing process. Readers record themselves reading a section of a book, edit the recording, and upload it to the LibriVox Management Tool. For an outline of the Librivox audiobook production process, please see The LibriVox recording process.
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The files are then prepared and uploaded to the LibriVox catalogue, in a lengthy and cumbersome process. After receiving little attention during the mid-to-lates, ABBA's music experienced a resurgence in the early s due to the UK synth-pop duo Erasurewho released Abba-esquea four track extended play release featuring cover versions of ABBA songs which topped several European charts in The single " Dancing Queen " received radio airplay in the UK in the middle of to promote the album.
The song returned to the Top 20 of the UK singles chart in August that year, this time peaking at number With sales of 30 million,  Gold is the best-selling ABBA album, as well as one of the best-selling albums worldwide. With sales of 5. The same year, Thank You for the Musica four-disc box set comprising all the group's hits and stand-out album tracks, was released with the involvement of all four members.
Swedish metal guitarist Yngwie Malmsteen covered " Gimme! A Man After Midnight " with slightly altered lyrics. Two different compilation albums of ABBA songs have been released. ABBA: A Tribute coincided with the 25th anniversary celebration and featured 17 songs, some of which were recorded especially for this release. The group disbanded in due to a gruelling schedule and intentions to go solo.
The concert was a success, and was ultimately released on CD. It later toured Scandinavia and even went to Beijing in the People's Republic of China for two concerts.
InABBA was reported to have turned down an offer of approximately one billion US dollars to do a reunion tour consisting of concerts. For the semi-final of the Eurovision Song Conteststaged in Istanbul 30 years after ABBA had won the contest in Brighton, all four members made cameo appearances in a special comedy video made for the interval act, titled Our Last Video Ever.
The video was made using puppet models of the members of the band. The video has surpassed 13 million views on YouTube as of November It was only the second time all of them had appeared together in public since Ulvaeus stated that he wanted the band to be remembered as they were during the peak years of their success. Gold returned to number-one in the UK album charts for the fifth time on 3 August During the band's heyday the highest album chart position they had ever achieved in America was number In Novemberall eight studio albums, together with a ninth of rare tracks, were released as The Albums.
In an interview, the two women expressed their gratitude for the honorary award and thanked their fans. On 17 May"Gimme! The book reveals that part of the reason for the band's outrageous costumes was that Swedish tax laws at the time allowed the cost of garish outfits that were not suitable for daily wear to be tax deductible.
A sequel to the movie Mamma Mia! In Junea blue plaque outside Brighton Dome was set to commemorate their Eurovision win. The Party in Stockholm. On 6 Junethe quartet appeared together at a private party at Berns Salonger in Stockholm, which was held to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Andersson and Ulvaeus's first meeting.
British manager Simon Fuller announced in a statement in October that the group would be reuniting to work on a new 'digital entertainment experience'. In Januaryit was revealed that neither song would be released before the summer. Andersson hinted at the possibility of a third song.
In September, he stated in an interview that there were now five new ABBA songs  to be released in In earlyAndersson confirmed that he was aiming for the songs to be released in September In AprilUlvaeus gave an interview saying that in the wake of the COVID pandemicthe avatar project had been delayed by six months.
Simultaneously with the launch of the webpage, new ABBA Voyage social media accounts were launched,    and billboards around London started to appear,   all showing the date " In OctoberUlvaeus and Andersson together with lyricist Tim Rice released the musical concept double-album Chess.
In Maythe musical premiered in London's West End, and ran for almost three years. Chess also opened on Broadway in Aprilbut closed within two months due to bad reviews. Inthe musical was again revived for a successful staging at London's Royal Albert Hall which was subsequently released on DVD, and then in two successful separate touring productions in the United States and United Kingdom, in The musical ran for five years in Stockholm, and an English version has been in development for some considerable time.
It has been reported that a Broadway production is in its earliest stages of pre-production. The pair produced two English-language pop albums with Swedish duo Gemini in and InAndersson also released his first solo album on his own label, Mono Music, called " Klinga mina klockor " "Ring My Bells"containing material inspired by Swedish folk music — and followed it with a second album titled November Andersson has also regularly written music for films most notably to Roy Andersson 's Songs from the Second Floor.
Andersson and Ulvaeus have been highly involved in the worldwide productions of the musical Mamma Mia! They were also involved in the production of the successful film version of the musical, which opened in July Andersson produced the soundtrack using many of the musicians ABBA used on their albums and tours. Andersson made a cameo appearance in the movie as a Album) piano player in the "Dancing Queen" scene, while Ulvaeus is seen as a Greek god playing a lyre during the closing credits.
The album was a compilation of 14 tracks from Andersson's five Swedish-language releases between andincluding five songs now recorded with lyrics by Ulvaeus in English; the new title song premiered on BBC2's Ken Bruce Show.
In MayAndersson released a single recorded by the staff at his privately owned Stockholm hotel Hotel Rivaltitled " 2nd Best to None ", accompanied by a video showing the staff at work.
New English lyrics have also been written for Andersson's song "Innan gryningen" then also named "Millennium Hymn"with the new title "The Silence of the Dawn" for Barbara Album) performed live, but not yet recorded and released.
Andersson has also written music for a documentary film about Olof Palmere-recording the track "Sorgmarsch" " Dirge ". It peaked at No. It reached number-one in Sweden and Norway and peaked at number-two in the Netherlands and Belgium. The title track of the album was another successful hit, topping the charts in Belgium and Denmark, reaching the Top 5 in the Netherlands, South Africa and Sweden, and the Top 20 in Germany and France.
The album sold 1. It peaked at number two in Sweden becoming a platinum seller. The album was extremely successful in Sweden, where it spent eight weeks at number-one and was awarded double-platinum status. It debuted at number-one in Sweden achieving triple-platinum statusand was a Top 10 hit in Denmark, Finland and Germany. A second single, " When You Walk in the Room ", was released but met with less success.
She also revealed that she completed singing lessons prior to recording the album, as she felt her throat was "a bit rusty".
I don't have the energy to do that, and also I don't want to travel too much. Both female members of ABBA pursued solo careers on the international scene after their work with the group.
The track also proved successful in the US, peaking at No. Sveriges Television documented this historical event, by filming the whole recording process. The result became a one-hour TV documentary, including interviews with Lyngstad, Collins, Ulvaeus and Andersson as well as all the musicians. Lyngstad's second international solo album, Shine produced by Steve Lillywhitewas recorded in Paris and released in This would be Lyngstad's final studio album release for twelve years.
It featured "Slowly", the last known Andersson-Ulvaeus composition to have been recorded by one of the former female ABBA vocalists to date. She was chairperson for this organisation until To mark her interests for the environment, she recorded the Julian Lennon song " Saltwater " and performed it live in Stockholm.
She arranged and financed summer camps for poor children in Sweden, focusing on environmental and ecological issues. Her environmental work for the organisation led to the decision to record again. The album Djupa andetag Deep Breaths was released in and became a number-one success in Sweden.
The couple made several TV performances with the song in Germany. On this DVD, which covers her entire singing career, the viewer is guided by Lyngstad herself through the years from her TV debut in Sweden in to the TV performances she made in Germany in Many rare clips are included in the set and each performance is explained by Lyngstad herself. The interview with Lyngstad was filmed in the Swiss Alps in mid Lyngstad returned to the recording studio in to record vocals for the Cat Stevens song " Morning Has Broken ", for Swedish guitarist Georg Wadenius 's album Reconnection.
The album, which featured other guest vocalists, reached number 17 in Sweden. ABBA were perfectionists in the studio, working on tracks until they got them right rather than leaving them to come back to later on.
The band created a basic rhythm track with a drummer, guitarist and bass player, and overlaid other arrangements and instruments. Vocals were then added, and orchestra overdubs were usually left until last.
Andersson and Ulvaeus played them the backing tracks and they made comments and suggestions. When we gather around the piano to get our voices tuned up, we often come up with things we can use in the backing vocals. After vocals and overdubs were done, the band took up to five days to mix a song. Their single "S. I suppose we were a bit exotic in every territory in an acceptable way. ABBA was widely noted for the colourful and trend-setting costumes its members wore.
The cost of the clothes was deductible only if they could not be worn other than for performances. The videos that accompanied some of the band's biggest hits are often cited as being among the earliest examples of the genre. ABBA made videos because their songs were hits in many different countries and personal appearances were not always possible. This was also done in an effort to minimise travelling, particularly to countries that would have required extremely long flights. ABBA's manager, Stig Anderson, realised the potential of showing a simple video clip on television to publicise a single or album, thereby allowing easier and quicker exposure than a concert tour.
Some of these videos have become classics because of the s-era costumes and early video effects, such as the grouping of the band members in different combinations of pairs, overlapping one singer's profile with the other's full face, and the contrasting of one member against another.
The campaign was also broadcast in Japan. Five commercial spots, each of approximately one minute, were produced, each presenting the "National Song" performed by ABBA using the melody and instrumental arrangements of "Fernando" and revised lyrics. The band threatened to file a lawsuit against the DF, saying they never allowed their music to be used politically and that they had absolutely no interest in supporting the party. Their record label Universal Music later said that no legal action would be taken because an agreement had been reached.
During their active career, from toABBA placed 20 singles on the Billboard Hot14 of which made the Top 40 13 on the Cashbox Topwith 10 making the Top 20 on both charts.
A total of four of those singles reached the Top 10, including "Dancing Queen", which reached number one in April Nine ABBA albums made their way into the top half of the Billboard album chart, with seven reaching the Top 50 and four reaching the Top Five albums received RIAA gold certification more thancopies soldwhile three acquired platinum status selling more than one million copies.
It has sold 6 million copies there. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Abba disambiguation. Swedish pop group. Pop pop rock  disco. See also: Hep Stars and Hootenanny Singers. Andersson second from right with the Hep Stars. Ulvaeus foreground with the Hootenanny Singers.
Main article: Anni-Frid Lyngstad. Main articles: ABBA discographysongsand unreleased songs. Music portal s portal Europe portal Sweden portal.
ISBN Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 29 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 4 July Archived from the original on 25 April Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 29 April The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 September Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 10 April The Luxembourg Chronicle.
Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 15 July Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 31 August Guinness Book of Rock Stars.
Enfield: Guinness Publishing. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 21 August Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 10 April Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 31 January Australia: News Corp. Archived from the original on 14 December Retrieved 13 December Courier Mail Brisbane ; p.
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